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Urology Specialty at a Glance

Urology is a highly competitive specialty. Students interested in urology are encouraged to seek career mentoring early in the medical school process and guidance in selecting fourth-year rotations.


Match Statistics

Median USMLE Step 2 CK score: 252
25th percentile USMLE Step 2 CK: 245.0
75th percentile USMLE Step 2 CK: 259.0

  • Why should a student choose urology?

    Urology, often referred to as the surgical specialty of the genitourinary tract, offers an intriguing blend of surgical expertise and clinical management. A student should study this topic if they:

    • Are fascinated by the intricacies of human anatomy and physiology, particularly of the urinary system.

    • Seek opportunities to address diverse conditions affecting the genitourinary tract, from kidney stones to urologic cancers.

    • Are drawn to the dynamic and evolving landscape of surgical innovation and technology within urology.

    • Aspire to improve patient outcomes through a combination of surgical precision and compassionate care.

    • Desire to contribute to the advancement of medical knowledge and innovation in the field of urology.

  • Are there things students should do in Phase 1 (year 1 and 2) to prepare?

    Yes, read about urology on the AUA website. Also, check out their YouTube channel.

    Meet urology faculty — the best way is to get involved in research. Subscribe to the AUA podcast.

    Review the AUA Core Curriculum, which includes contributions from one of IU School of Medicine's faculty members, Charles Powell, MD.

  • What electives are recommended for students pursuing urology?

    Students should explore electives in community urology, urogynecology, urologic cancer preceptorship, gender affirming surgery, pediatric urology or basic laparoscopy and urologic laparoscopic/robotic surgery.

  • What sub-Is are recommended for students going into urology?

    Students interested in urology should take the surgery sub-I.

  • Is an away rotation recommended for urology?

    Away rotations are recommended for students applying to urology residency programs. The selection of programs for these rotations will depend on your competitiveness and degree of interest in each program. Away rotations are arranged through the Visiting Student Application Services (VSAS).

    For IU students, we recommend completing two away rotations in your fourth year between June and October. Please discuss with faculty at IU School of Medicine when selecting specific programs.

  • How important is research? Does it have to be specific to urology?

    Research in this specialty is very important as a means to get to know faculty. If the research is specific to urology that is also a plus to meet the faculty.

  • How long is urology residency training?

    Residency training for urology is a five year program.

  • Are there any urology specific recommendations regarding letters of recommendation?

    It is recommended to get one letter from the chair and one from the program director, plus a faculty member you know very well.

  • What are some useful resources for students considering urology?
  • How does career mentoring at IU School of Medicine work in this specialty?

    Students can contact the urology program director Chandru Sundaram, MD, to ask if there are available faculty to mentor students. This is best facilitated through research.