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Prognosis for the Affordable Care Act — This Week on Sound Medicine


Sound Medicine airs at 2 p.m. Sunday, Jan. 22, on WFYI, 90.1 FM. For the airtime on a public radio station near you, check the Sound Medicine website. 

Predictions for the Affordable Care Act. In March, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments for and against the constitutionality of last year’s health care reform bill, also known as the Affordable Care Act. IU health policy analyst Aaron Carroll, M.D., discusses potential outcomes. Dr. Carroll directs the Center for Health Policy and Professionalism Research at Indiana University.

Erroneous link between XMRV and chronic fatigue syndrome. Late last year, two prestigious scientific journals, Science and Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, retracted papers on a reported association between a mouse leukemia virus called XMRV and chronic fatigue syndrome. University of California San Francisco virus expert Jay Levy, M.D., the original discoverer of XMRV in the 1970s, was one of the early skeptics. In a discussion with Sound Medicine host Barbara Lewis, Dr. Levy explains why he was suspicious of these findings from the start.

Restricted-calorie diets and diabetes. Recent research from the Netherlands suggests that an extremely low-calorie diet, 500 calories a day, can help obese people with Type 2 diabetes by effectively eliminating the need for insulin and improving heart function. In this week’s “Doc Chat” session, Barbara Lewis asks IU’s David Crabb, M.D., about the risks of extremely low-calorie dieting, and if it also could help Type 1 diabetics. Dr. Crabb is a professor of biochemistry and molecular biology at the IU School of Medicine.

The 40-year war on cancer. In 1971, President Richard Nixon signed into law the National Cancer Act, declaring a “war on cancer.” Now, 40 years later, cancer experts take stock of successes and failures in cancer research. This week, Sound Medicine’s Steve Bogdewic, Ph.D., interviews one of the leaders in the war on cancer, Richard Schilsky, M.D., professor of medicine and chief of hematology and oncology at the University of Chicago.

Book: Saying Goodbye: How Families Can Find Renewal Through Loss. Due in part to modern medical advances, terminally ill patients now live months, even years beyond their original diagnosis. In a chat with Barbara Lewis, psychologist and grief expert Barbara Okun, Ph.D., discuss what she calls “a new grief,” with stages that differ from those posed in the late 1960’s by Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross. Okun is a counseling psychology professor at Northeastern University and a clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School.

In this week’s Sound Medicine Checkup feature, Jeremy Shere looks at violent video games. And the “Did You Know” segment examines the use of nicotine patches for improving memory.

Sound Medicine is an award-winning radio program co-produced by the Indiana University School of Medicine and WFYI Public Radio (90.1 FM). Sound Medicine is underwritten by Indiana University Health Physicians and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

Listen to Sound Medicine on the following Indiana public radio stations:
WBSB (Anderson), WFIU (Bloomington, Columbus, Kokomo, Terre Haute), WNDY (Crawfordsville), WVPE (Elkhart/South Bend), WNIN (Evansville), WBOI (Fort Wayne), WFCI (Franklin), WBSH (Hagerstown/New Castle), WFYI (Indianapolis), WBSW (Marion), WBST (Muncie), WBSJ (Portland), WLPR (Lake County) and WBAA (West Lafayette).

The show also airs on these out-of state public radio stations:
KSKA (Anchorage, Alaska), KPOV (Bend, Ore.),  KEOS (College Station, Texas), KRCC (Colorado Springs, Colo.), KUAF (Fayetteville and Fort Smith, Ark.), KFTW (Fort Worth, Texas), KMHA (Four Bears, N.D.), KIDE (Hoopa Valley, Calif.), WLRH (Huntsville, Ala.), KEDM (Monroe, La.), KUHB (Pribilof Islands, Alaska), KPBX (Spokane, Wash.), WCNY & WRVO-1 (Syracuse, N.Y.), KTNA (Talkeetna, Alaska) and WYSU (Youngstown, Ohio)