POCUS Publications and Research Highlights

IU School of Medicine faculty members are experts in Point of Care Ultrasound and have made extensive recent contributions to the published literature.


  1. Assessment of a standing position during abdominal point-of-care ultrasound on abdominal fluid score in dogs. 
    Buckley C, Seitz M, Wills RW, Lee AM.
    J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2023 Sep-Oct;33(5):559-566. doi: 10.1111/vec.13329. Epub 2023 Aug 12.
    PMID: 37573258 
  2. Comparison of pulmonary congestion severity using artificial intelligence-assisted scoring versus clinical experts: A secondary analysis of BLUSHED-AHF
    Goldsmith AJ, Jin M, Lucassen R, Duggan NM, Harrison NE, Wells W, Ehrman RR, Ferre R, Gargani L, Noble V, Levy P, Lane K, Li X, Collins S, Pang P, Kapur T, Russell FM.
    Eur J Heart Fail. 2023 Jul;25(7):1166-1169. doi: 10.1002/ejhf.2881. Epub 2023 Jun 20.
    PMID: 37218619 
  3. External validation of the ultrasound competency assessment tool. 
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Kennedy S, Nti B, Powell M, Davis J, Ferre R.
    AEM Educ Train. 2023 Jun 22;7(3):e10887. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10887. eCollection 2023 Jun.
    PMID: 37361190 
  4. A Program of Assessment Model for Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training for Pediatric Critical Care Providers: A Comprehensive Approach to Enhance Competency-Based Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training
    Maxson IN, Su E, Brown KA, Tcharmtchi MH, Ginsburg S, Bhargava V, Wenger J, Centers GI, Alade KH, Leung SK, Gowda SH, Flores S, Riley A, Thammasitboon S; Pediatric Research Collaborative on Critical Ultrasound (PeRCCUS), a subgroup of the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network.
    Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2023 Jun 1. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000003288. Online ahead of print.
    PMID: 37260313 
  5. Evaluation of Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training for Family Physicians Using Teleultrasound. 
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Lobo D, Ferre R, Nti BK.
    Fam Med. 2023 Apr;55(4):263-266. doi: 10.22454/FamMed.2023.469019. Epub 2023 Feb 13.
    PMID: 37043188 
  6. Techniques and Strategies in Ultrasound Simulation. 
    Nti B, Pillarisetty LS.
    2023 Mar 13. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan–.
    PMID: 32119336 
  7. Gamification of POCUS: Are Students Learning? 
    Russell FM, Lobo D, Herbert A, Kaine J, Pallansch J, Soriano P, Adame JD, Ferre RM.
    West J Emerg Med. 2023 Feb 22;24(2):243-248. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2022.11.57730.
    PMID: 36976585  
  8. Pediatric Emergency Medicine Faculty Response to Point-of-Care Ultrasound Credentialing Curriculum. 
    Nti BK, Kennedy S, Sarmiento E, Weinstein E, Russell F.
    Pediatr Emerg Care. 2023 Feb 1;39(2):e35-e40. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000002843. Epub 2022 Sep 14.
    PMID: 36099540 
  9. Bedside lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of pneumonia in children presenting to an emergency department in a resource-limited setting. 
    Amatya Y, Russell FM, Rijal S, Adhikari S, Nti B, House DR.
    Int J Emerg Med. 2023 Jan 9;16(1):2. doi: 10.1186/s12245-022-00474-w.
    PMID: 36624366  
  10. Image Fusion Involving Real-Time Transabdominal or Endoscopic Ultrasound for Gastrointestinal Malignancies: Review of Current and Future Applications
    Singh BS, Cazacu IM, Deza CA, Rigaud BS, Saftoiu A, Gruionu G, Guionu L, Brock KK, Koay EJ, Herman JM, Bhutani MS.
    Diagnostics (Basel). 2022 Dec 19;12(12):3218. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics12123218.
    PMID: 36553225  Review. 
  11. Artificial Intelligence-Augmented Pediatric Lung POCUS: A Pilot Study of Novice Learners. 
    Nti B, Lehmann AS, Haddad A, Kennedy SK, Russell FM.
    J Ultrasound Med. 2022 Dec;41(12):2965-2972. doi: 10.1002/jum.15992. Epub 2022 Apr 15.
    PMID: 35429001. 
  12. Point-of-care echocardiography of the right heart improves acute heart failure risk stratification for low-risk patients: The REED-AHF prospective study
    Harrison NE, Favot MJ, Gowland L, Lenning J, Henry S, Gupta S, Abidov A, Levy P, Ehrman R.
    Acad Emerg Med. 2022 Nov;29(11):1306-1319. doi: 10.1111/acem.14589. Epub 2022 Sep 26.
    PMID: 36047646 Free PMC article. Clinical Trial. 
  13. Establishing the international research priorities for pediatric emergency medicine point-of-care ultrasound: A modified Delphi study. 
    Snelling PJ, Shefrin AE, Moake MM, Bergmann KR, Constantine E, Deanehan JK, Dessie AS, Elkhunovich MA, Gold DL, Kornblith AE, Lin-Martore M, Nti B, Pade KH, Parri N, Sivitz A, Lam SHF.
    Acad Emerg Med. 2022 Nov;29(11):1338-1346. doi: 10.1111/acem.14588. Epub 2022 Sep 13.
    PMID: 36043227. 
  14. Effect of a point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) curriculum on emergency department soft tissue management
    Nti BK, Phillips W, Sarmiento E, Russell F.
    Ultrasound J. 2022 Oct 21;14(1):41. doi: 10.1186/s13089-022-00292-4.
    PMID: 36269462. 
  15. Reprint of: Ruptured spontaneous tubal heterotopic Pregnancy Diagnosed with Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS)
    Kennedy SK, Blaha M, Welch J.
    Dis Mon. 2022 Sep;68(9):101415. doi: 10.1016/j.disamonth.2022.101415. Epub 2022 May 27.
    PMID: 35644644 No abstract available. 
  16. Assessment of Medical Students' Ability to Integrate Point-of-Care Cardiac Ultrasound Into a Case-Based Simulation After a Short Intervention
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Peterson D, Wallach PM, Ferre RM.
    Cureus. 2022 Jul 31;14(7):e27513. doi: 10.7759/cureus.27513. eCollection 2022 Jul.
    PMID: 36060409 Free PMC article. 
  17. Piloting a Graduate Medical Education Point-of-Care Ultrasound Curriculum. 
    Ferre RM, Russell FM, Peterson D, Zakeri B, Herbert A, Nti B, Goldman M, Wilcox JG, Wallach PM.
    Cureus. 2022 Jul 23;14(7):e27173. doi: 10.7759/cureus.27173. eCollection 2022 Jul.
    PMID: 36017274 Free PMC article. 
  18. The Parasternal Long Axis View in Isolation: Is it Good Enough? 
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Manring D, Rutz MA, Nti B, Rood LK, Ehrman RR.
    J Emerg Med. 2022 Jun;62(6):769-774. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2022.02.003. Epub 2022 May 11.
    PMID: 35562250 
  19. Point-of-Care Ultrasound Education During a Pandemic: From Webinar to Progressive Dinner-Style Bedside Learning. 
    Herbert A, Russell FM, Zahn G, Zakeri B, Motzkus C, Wallach PM, Ferre RM.
    Cureus. 2022 May 19;14(5):e25141. doi: 10.7759/cureus.25141. eCollection 2022 May.
    PMID: 35747012
  20. The State of Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training in Undergraduate Medical Education: Findings From a National Survey. 
    Russell FM, Zakeri B, Herbert A, Ferre RM, Leiser A, Wallach PM.
    Acad Med. 2022 May 1;97(5):723-727. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000004512. Epub 2022 Apr 27.
    PMID: 34789665 
  21. Success of implementation of a systemwide point-of-care ultrasound privileging program for emergency medicine faculty. 
    Kennedy SK, Ferre RM, Rood LK, Nti B, Ehrman RR, Brenner D, Rutz MA, Zahn GS, Herbert AG, Russell FM.
    AEM Educ Train. 2022 Apr 1;6(2):e10744. doi: 10.1002/aet2.10744. eCollection 2022 Apr.
    PMID: 35493291
  22. Design and implementation of a basic and global point of care ultrasound (POCUS) certification curriculum for emergency medicine faculty. 
    Russell FM, Kennedy SK, Rood LK, Nti B, Herbert A, Rutz MA, Palmer M, Ferre RM.
    Ultrasound J. 2022 Feb 19;14(1):10. doi: 10.1186/s13089-022-00260-y.
    PMID: 35182232
  23. Performance of Pediatric Emergency Medicine Faculty After Point-of-Care Ultrasound Credentialing Implementation. 
    Nti BK, Kennedy S, Sarmiento E, Weinstein E, Russell F.
    Pediatr Emerg Care. 2022 Feb 1;38(2):e482-e487. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000002381.
    PMID: 35025189 
  24. Nodular Maturation of the Testis: A Non-neoplastic Lesion of Boys That May Present as a Mass on Clinical and Ultrasound Examination. 
    Przybycin CG, Williamson SR, Kao CS, Reyes-Múgica M, Ulbright TM, McKenney JK.
    Am J Surg Pathol. 2022 Feb 1;46(2):220-225. doi: 10.1097/PAS.0000000000001775.
    PMID: 34881635 
  25. Right ventricular dysfunction in acute heart failure from emergency department to discharge: Predictors and clinical implications. 
    Harrison NE, Ehrman R, Favot M, Gowland L, Lenning J, Abidov A, Henry S, Gupta S, Welch R, Levy P.
    Am J Emerg Med. 2022 Feb;52:25-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2021.11.024. Epub 2021 Nov 17.
    PMID: 34861517 
  26. Ultrasonographic Inferior Vena Cava Measurement is More Sensitive Than Vital Sign Abnormalities for Identifying Moderate and Severe Hemorrhage
    Clemency BM, Bola A, Schlader ZJ, Hostler D, Lin H, St James E, Lema PC, Johnson BD.
    J Emerg Med. 2022 Jan;62(1):64-71. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.07.049. Epub 2021 Sep 17.
    PMID: 34544622 
  27. In acute dyspnea with diagnostic uncertainty, ACP suggests POCUS may be added to the standard diagnostic pathway. 
    Kirschner JM, Hunter BR.
    Ann Intern Med. 2021 Sep;174(9):JC99. doi: 10.7326/ACPJ202109210-099. Epub 2021 Sep 7.
    PMID: 34487447 
  28. Teaching Seasoned Doctors New Technology: An Intervention to Reduce Barriers and Improve Comfort With Clinical Ultrasound. 
    Kennedy SK, Duncan T, Herbert AG, Rood LK, Rutz MA, Zahn GS, Welch JL, Russell FM.
    Cureus. 2021 Aug 17;13(8):e17248. doi: 10.7759/cureus.17248. eCollection 2021 Aug.
    PMID: 34540474 
  29. Lung ultrasound training and evaluation for proficiency among physicians in a low-resource setting. 
    House DR, Amatya Y, Nti B, Russell FM.
    Ultrasound J. 2021 Jun 30;13(1):34. doi: 10.1186/s13089-021-00236-4.
    PMID: 34191145 
  30. B-line quantification: comparing learners novice to lung ultrasound assisted by machine artificial intelligence technology to expert review. 
    Russell FM, Ehrman RR, Barton A, Sarmiento E, Ottenhoff JE, Nti BK.
    Ultrasound J. 2021 Jun 30;13(1):33. doi: 10.1186/s13089-021-00234-6.
    PMID: 34191132 
  31. Painless loss of vision: rapid diagnosis of a central retinal artery occlusion utilizing point-of-care ultrasound. 
    Taylor GM, Evans D, Doggette RP, Wallace RC, Flack AT, Kennedy SK.
    Oxf Med Case Reports. 2021 Jun 18;2021(6):omab038. doi: 10.1093/omcr/omab038. eCollection 2021 Jun.
    PMID: 34158954 
  32. Building and Maintaining an Ultrasound Program: It Takes a Village. 
    Dversdal RK, Northcutt NM, Ferre RM.
    Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2021 May;28(3):236-243. doi: 10.1053/j.ackd.2021.06.005.
    PMID: 34906308 Review. 
  33. Impact of a clinical pharmacist on ultrasound-guided venous thromboembolism screening in hospitalized COVID-19 patients: a pilot prospective study
    Gillespie L, Khan RZ, Stillson JE, Bunch CM, Shariff FS, Speybroeck J, Grisoli A, Schmidt MW, Phyu H, Jablonski J, Wells B, Fulkerson DH, Oancea L, Leiser A, Walsh M. J Pharm Health Care Sci. 2021 Apr 1;7(1):19. doi: 10.1186/s40780-021-00201-2.
    PMID: 33795030 
  34. Development and implementation of a point of care ultrasound curriculum at a multi-site institution. 
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Ferre RM, Zakeri B, Echeverria V, Peterson D, Wallach P.
    Ultrasound J. 2021 Feb 21;13(1):9. doi: 10.1186/s13089-021-00214-w. PMID: 33615390 
  35. Septic Malleolar Bursitis in a Patient with an Ankle Electronic Monitoring Device: A Case Report. 
    Besinger B, Ryckman S.
    Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2021 Feb;5(1):97-100. doi: 10.5811/cpcem.2020.12.50299.
    PMID: 33560963 
  36. A Narrative Review of Common Uses of Ophthalmic Ultrasound in Emergency Medicine. 
    Skidmore C, Saurey T, Ferre RM, Rodriguez-Brizuela R, Spaulding J, Lundgreen Mason N.
    J Emerg Med. 2021 Jan;60(1):80-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2020.08.003. Epub 2020 Sep 9.
    PMID: 32919837 Review. 
  37. Training the Trainer: Faculty From Across Multiple Specialties Show Improved Confidence, Knowledge and Skill in Point of Care Ultrasound After a Short Intervention. 
    Russell FM, Herbert A, Zakeri B, Blaha M, Ferre RM, Sarmiento EJ, Wallach PM.
    Cureus. 2020 Dec 1;12(12):e11821. doi: 10.7759/cureus.11821.
    PMID: 33415026
  38. Three-dimensional bladder ultrasound for estimation of urine volume in dogs compared with traditional 2-dimensional ultrasound methods. 
    Kendall A, Keenihan E, Kern ZT, Lindaberry C, Birkenheuer A, Moore GE, Vaden SL.
    J Vet Intern Med. 2020 Nov;34(6):2460-2467. doi: 10.1111/jvim.15959. Epub 2020 Nov 6.
    PMID: 33156977
  39. Impact of bedside lung ultrasound on physician clinical decision-making in an emergency department in Nepal. 
    House DR, Amatya Y, Nti B, Russell FM.
    Int J Emerg Med. 2020 Apr 3;13(1):14. doi: 10.1186/s12245-020-00273-1.
    PMID: 32245366
  40. Abscess Size and Depth on Ultrasound and Association with Treatment Failure without Drainage. 
    Russell FM, Rutz M, Rood LK, McGee J, Sarmiento EJ.
    West J Emerg Med. 2020 Feb 26;21(2):336-342. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2019.12.41921.
    PMID: 32191191 Free PMC article. 
  41. Ocular Point-of-Care Ultrasonography to Diagnose Posterior Chamber Abnormalities: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. 
    Propst SL, Kirschner JM, Strachan CC, Roumpf SK, Menard LM, Sarmiento EJ, Hunter BR.
    JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Feb 5;3(2):e1921460. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.21460.
    PMID: 32074291 
  42. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the transplant pancreas in the post-operative setting. 
    Swensson J, Nagaraju S, O'Brien D, Tann M, Shah A, Mangus R, Powelson J, Fridell J.
    Clin Transplant. 2019 Dec;33(12):e13733. doi: 10.1111/ctr.13733. Epub 2019 Nov 4.
    PMID: 31628880 
  43. Ultrasound Curriculum Implementation into a State-Wide Family Medicine Clerkship. 
    Lyon M, Kriegel D, Lockett E, Best G, Seymore D, Kuchinski AM, Etheridge R, Wallach P.
    Med Sci Educ. 2019 May 21;29(3):795-801. doi: 10.1007/s40670-019-00743-z. eCollection 2019 Sep.
    PMID: 34457544
  44. Optimizing patient flow in a multidisciplinary haemophilia clinic using quality improvement methodology. 
    Drayton Jackson M, Bartman T, McGinniss J, Widener P, Dunn AL.
    Haemophilia. 2019 Jul;25(4):626-632. doi: 10.1111/hae.13768. Epub 2019 May 29.
    PMID: 31144379 
  45. Implementation of a point-of-care ultrasound skills practicum for hospitalists. 
    Cochard E, Fulkerson Z, Carlos WG.
    Ultrasound. 2019 Feb;27(1):38-44. doi: 10.1177/1742271X18791317. Epub 2018 Jul 25.
    PMID: 30774697
  46. Suspect Retinal Detachment? Ocular Ultrasound Can Help. 
    Zahn GS, Rutz MA.
    Acad Emerg Med. 2019 Jan;26(1):121-122. doi: 10.1111/acem.13554. Epub 2018 Oct 3.
    PMID: 30112843
  47. Clinical Ultrasound Is Safe and Highly Specific for Acute Appendicitis in Moderate to High Pre-test Probability Patients. 
    Corson-Knowles D, Russell FM.
    West J Emerg Med. 2018 May;19(3):460-464. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2018.1.36891. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    PMID: 29760840 . 
  48. Retrospective comparison of measured stone size and posterior acoustic shadow width in clinical ultrasound images. 
    Dai JC, Dunmire B, Sternberg KM, Liu Z, Larson T, Thiel J, Chang HC, Harper JD, Bailey MR, Sorensen MD.
    World J Urol. 2018 May;36(5):727-732. doi: 10.1007/s00345-017-2156-8. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
    PMID: 29243111
  49. A retrospective study of pulseless electrical activity, bedside ultrasound identifies interventions during resuscitation associated with improved survival to hospital admission. A REASON Study. 
    Gaspari R, Weekes A, Adhikari S, Noble V, Nomura JT, Theodoro D, Woo M, Atkinson P, Blehar D, Brown S, Caffery T, Douglass E, Fraser J, et al.
    Resuscitation. 2017 Nov;120:103-107. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.09.008. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    PMID: 28916478 
  50. Approach to Acute Heart Failure in the Emergency Department. 
    Hunter BR, Martindale J, Abdel-Hafez O, Pang PS.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2017 Sep-Oct;60(2):178-186. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    PMID: 28865801 Review. 
  51. Emergency Physicians Are Able to Detect Right Ventricular Dilation With Good Agreement Compared to Cardiology. 
    Rutz MA, Clary JM, Kline JA, Russell FM.
    Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Jul;24(7):867-874. doi: 10.1111/acem.13210. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    PMID: 28453186 
  52. A Modified Lung and Cardiac Ultrasound Protocol Saves Time and Rules in the Diagnosis of Acute Heart Failure. 
    Russell FM, Ehrman RR.
    J Emerg Med. 2017 Jun;52(6):839-845. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.02.003. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
    PMID: 28285867 
  53. Real-time intravascular photoacoustic-ultrasound imaging of lipid-laden plaque in human coronary artery at 16 frames per second. 
    Hui J, Cao Y, Zhang Y, Kole A, Wang P, Yu G, Eakins G, Sturek M, Chen W, Cheng JX.
    Sci Rep. 2017 May 3;7(1):1417. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01649-9.
    PMID: 28469205