20302-Hammond, Flora
Faculty

Flora Hammond, MD

Chair, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Address
GH 4700
PHMR
IN
Indianapolis, IN

Bio

Dr. Hammond is a board certified Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation physician (Physiatrist) who is an active clinician, researcher, and administrator.  She completed her medical degree at Tulane University School of Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residency at Baylor College of Medicine, and brain injury medicine fellowship at the Rehabilitation Institute of Michigan.  She is professor and Chair of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Indiana University School of Medicine; Chief of Medical Affairs and Brain Injury Co-Medical Director at the Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana.  She is Project Director of the Indiana Traumatic Brain Injury Model System, and Chair of the TBI Model Systems Program Executive Committee. Dr. Hammond also chairs the Chronic Brian Injury Special Interest Group of the TBI Model Systems, Co-Chairs the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Chronic Brain Injury Task Force, and Chairs the Tri-Model Systems Chronic Injury Special Interest Group. Dr. Hammond’s research and advocacy focuses on the longterm issues confronting individuals with disability and treatment effectiveness. She has authored more than 200 peer-reviewed publications. Dr. Hammond has received several awards acknowledging her contributions, including the 2001 Association of Academic Physiatrists Young Academician Award, the 2011 Brain Injury Association of America William Caveness Award for national and international research contributions, the 2016 Robert L. Moody Prize for Distinguished Initiatives in Brain Injury Rehabilitation and Research, and the 2017 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Distinguished Member Award.

 

 

Key Publications

Selected Spinal Cord Injury Publications:

Abeyeta N, Freeman ES, Primack D, Harmon A, Gassaway J, Hammond FM, Dragon C: SCIRehab: The Social Work/Case Management Taxonomy. Journal of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2009:32(3).

Lieberman J, Hammond FM, Barringer TA, Goff DC, Norton HJ, Bockenek W, Scelza WM: Adherence with the National Cholesterol Education Program Guidelines in Men with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury. J Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2011;34(1):28-34.

Lieberman JA, Hammond FM, Barringer TA, Norton HJ, Goff DC Jr, Bockenek WL, Scelza WM. Comparison of coronary artery calcification scores and National Cholesterol Education program guidelines for coronary heart disease risk assessment and treatment paradigms in individuals with chronic traumatic spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2011;34(2):233-40. Erratum in: J Spinal Cord Med. 2011 Jul;34(4):437. PubMed PMID: 21675362; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3066502.

Whiteneck GG, Gassaway J, Dijkers MP, Lammertse DP, Hammond F, Heinemann AW, Backus D, Charlifue S: Inpatient and Post-Discharge Rehabilitation Services provided in the First Year after Spinal Cord Injury: Findings from the SCIRehab Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011;92:361-368.

Whiteneck G, Gassaway J, Dijkers MP, Hammond FM, Lammertse DP. The SCIRehab project: analyzing multidisciplinary inpatient spinal cord injury rehabilitation treatment--second phase. J Spinal Cord Med. 2011;34(2):131-2. PubMed PMID: 21675352; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3066507.

Hammond FM, Gassaway J, Abeyta N, Freeman ES, Primack D: The SCIRehab Project: Social Work and Case Management. Social Work and Case Management Treatment Time During Inpatient Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation.  J of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2011;34(2): 216-226.

Whiteneck G, Gassaway J, Dijkers M, Backus D, Charlifue S, Chen D, Hammond FM, Hsieh C, Smout R: The SCIRehab Project: Treatment Time Spent in SCI Rehabilitation.  Inpatient Treatment Time Across Disciplines in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. J Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2011; 34(2): 133-148.

Lieberman J, Hammond FM, Barringer TA, Norton HJ, Bockenek W, Scelza WM, Goff DC: Prevalence and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease as Measured by Coronary Calcium Score among Individuals with Chronic Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study. Journal of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2011;34(2):233-240.

Hammond FM, Gassaway J, Abeyta N, Freeman ES, Primack D, Kreider SED, Whiteneck G: SCIRehab: Outcomes of Social Work and Case Management Services During Inpatient Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation. J Spinal Cord Injury Medicine. J Spinal Cord Medicine 2012;35(6):611-623.

Hammond FM, Horn S, Smout R, Chen D, DeJong G, Scelza W, Jha A, Ballard P, Bloomgarden J: Acute Rehospitalizations during Inpatient Rehabilitation for Spinal Cord Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94(4 Suppl 2):S98-105.

Hammond FM, Lieberman J, Smout R, Horn S, Dijkers MP, Backus D: Missed Therapy Time during Inpatient Rehabilitation for Spinal Cord Injury. Arch Physical Med Rehabil 2013;94(4 Suppl 2):S106-114.

DeJong G, Tian W, Hsieh CH, Smout RJ, Horn SD, Ballard PH, Junn C, Karam C, Backus D, Zanca JM, Hammond F, Heinemann AW (final order to be determined later): Rehospitalization Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury In The First Year Following Discharge From Medical Rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94(4 Suppl 2):S87-97.

Zanca J, Dijkers M, Horn S, Hammond F: Pain and its impact on inpatient rehabilitation for acute traumatic spinal cord injury: Analysis of observational data collected in the SCIRehab Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94(4 Suppl 2):S137-144.

Lieberman JA, Goff DC, Hammond FM, Schreiner PJ, Norton HJ, Dulin MF Zhou X, Steffen LM: Dietary Intake Relative to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study. Topics in SCI rehabilitation 2014;20:127-136.

Lieberman JA, Goff DC, Hammond FM, Schreiner PJ, Norton HJ, Dulin MF, Zhou X, Steffen LM. Dietary Intake and Adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Among Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine  2014 Nov;37(6):751-7.

Rahurkar S, McFarlane TD, Wang J, Hoover S, Hammond F, Kean J, Dixon BE: Leveraging Health Information Exchange to Construct a Registry for Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury and Stroke in Indiana. AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2018 April 16;2017:1400-1449. eCollection 2017.

Monden KR, Gassaway J, Eagye CB, Hammond FM, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Whiteneck GG: Relationship of Patient Characteristics and Inpatient Rehabilitation Services 5-year Outcomes Following Spinal Cord Injury: A Follow Up Of the SCIRehab Project. J Spinal Cord Med  In Press


Selected Brain Injury publications:

Zafonte RD, Hammond FM, Mann NR, Wood DL, Black KL, Millis SR: Relationship Between Glasgow Coma Scale and Functional Outcome. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1996;75:364-369.

Zafonte RD, Hammond FM, Mann NR, Wood DL, Millis SR, Black KL: Revised Trauma Score: An Additive Predictor in Traumatic Brain Injury Disability. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1996;75:456-461.

Hammond FM, Yablon S & Bontke C: The Role of Serum Prolactin Measurement in the Diagnosis of Late Post-Traumatic Seizures. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1996;75(4):304-306.

Zafonte RD, Hammond FD, Rahimi R: Air Embolism in the Agitated Traumatic Brain Injured Patient: An Unusual Complication. Brain Injury 1996;10(10):759-761.

Zafonte RD, Hammond FM, Peterson J: Predicting Outcome in the Slow to Respond Traumatically Brain-Injured Patient. NeuroRehabilitation 1996;6:19-32.

Black KL, Obayan A, Zafonte RD, Mann NR, Hammond F, Wood D. Occipital status epilepticus: an unusual case of post-traumatic blindness. NeuroRehabilitation. 1996;7(3):219-21. doi: 10.3233/NRE-1996-7308. PubMed PMID: 24525892.

Hammond FM, Fransicso G, Bontke CF: Should We Use Etidronate Disodium as Prophylaxis in Patients with Brain Injury at Risk for Heterotopic Ossification? J of Head Trauma Rehab 1996;11(6):80-88.

Zafonte R, Mann N, Millis S, Black K, Wood D, Hammond F: Posttraumatic Amnesia: Its Relation to Functional Outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78:1103-1106.

Deshpande AA, Millis SR, Zafonte RD, Hammond FM, Wood DL: Risk Factors for Acute Care Transfers Among Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78:350-352.

Hammond FM, Yablon S, Bontke C: Potential Role of Serum Prolactin Measurement in the Diagnosis of Late Post-Traumatic Seizures: A case report. Search on Epilepsy 1997;4(2):20-21.

Hammond FM, Zafonte RD: Drugs for Management of Sleep Disorders, Pharmacology in Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America; 1997;8(4):801-825.

Hammond FM, Black KL: Drugs for Medical Concerns in Traumatic Brain Injury, Pharmacology in Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Clinics of North America; 1997;8(4):667-693.

Hammond FM, Meighen, MJ: Venous Thromboembolism in the Individual with Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. J of Head Trauma Rehabil 1998;13(1):36-50.

Wagner A, Hammond F, Sasser H, Norton HJ, Weircisiewski D: The Value of Trauma Scores: Predicting Discharge after Traumatic Brain Injury.  Am Jnl Phys Med Rehabil 2000;79:235-242.

Wagner AK, Hammond FM, Sasser HC, Wiercisiewski D, Norton HJ: Use of Injury Severity Variables in Determining Disability and Community Integration after Traumatic Brain Injury. J Trauma 2000;49(3):411-419.

Wagner AK, Sasser HC, Hammond FM, Wiercisiewski D, Alexander J: Intentional Traumatic Brain Injury: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Associations with Injury and Severity. J Trauma 2000;49(3):404-410.

Wagner AK, Hammond FM, Sasser HC, Wiercisiewski D: Return to Productive Activity After TBI: Relationship with Measures of Disability, Handicap, and Community Integration. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;83: 107-114.

Sasser H, Hammond F, Lincourt A: To Fall or Not To Fall: Brain Injury in the Elderly. NCMJ, 2001;62(6): 364-367.

Hammond F, Grattan K, Sasser H, Corrigan J, Bushnik T, Zafonte R: Long-term Recovery Course Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comparison of the Functional Independence Measure and Disability Rating Scale. J Head Trauma Rehabil, 2001;16(4):318-329.

Seel R, Kreutzer J, Rosenthal M, Hammond F, Corrigan J, Black K: Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury: A NIDRR Model Systems Multi-Center Investigation.  Archives Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84(2):177-184.

Hart T, Whyte J, Polansky M, Millis S, Hammond F, et al: Concordance of Patient and Family Report of Neurobehavioral Symptoms at 1 Year Post Traumatic Brain Injury.  Archives Phys Med Rehab 2003;84(2):204-213.

Hammond FM, Hart T, Bushnik T Corrigan J, Sasser H: Changes and Predictors of Change in Communication, Cognition, and Social Function Between 1 & 5 Years After TBI. J Head Trauma Rehabil; 2004;19(4):314-28.

Hammond FM, Grattan K, Sasser H, Corrigan J, Rosenthal M, Bushnik T, Shull W: Five Years After TBI: A Study of Individual Outcomes and Predictors of Change in Function. Neurorehabil 2004;19(1):25-36.

Harrison-Felix C, Whiteneck G, Devivo M, Hammond FM, Amitabh J: Mortality following rehabilitation in the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems of Care. Neurorehabil 2004;19(1):45-54.

Harrison-Felix C, Whiteneck G, DeVivo MJ, Hammond FM, Jha A: Causes of Death One Year Post-Injury among Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury.  J Head Trauma Rehabil 2006;21(1):22-33.

Hart T, Whyte J, Millis S, Bode R, Malec J, Richardson RN, Hammond F: Dimensions of Disordered Attention in TBI: Further Validation of the Moss Attention Rating Scale. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006;87(5)647-655.

Greenspan AI, Stringer AY, Hammond FM, Phillips VL, Goldstein F: Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress at 6 and 12 months after TBI. Brain Injury 2006;20(7):733-742.

Segal ME, Goodman P, Goldstein R, Hauck W, Whyte J, Graham JW, Polansky M, Hammond F: Improving Prediction of Long-term Functional Outcomes Through Case Mix Adjustment. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2006;21(4):298-314.

Kilmer RP, Demakis GJ, Hammond FM, Cook J, Grattan KE, Kornev AA: Use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory in TBI: A pilot investigation. Rehabilitation Psychology, 2006;51:232-238.

Johnston MV, Shawaryn MA, Malec J, Kreutzer J, Hammond FM: The Structure of Functional and Community Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Injury 2006;20(4):391-407.

Hart T, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Williams KD, Rapport LJ, Hammond F, Kreutzer: Racial Differences in Caregiving Patterns, Caregiver Emotional Function and Sources of Emotional Support Following TBI. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2007;22(2):122-131.

Hirsch MA, Hammond FM: Cueing Training in Parkinson’s Disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiiatry 2007;78:111.

Demakis G, Hammond FM, Knotts A, Cooper D, Clement P, Kennedy J, Sawyer T: The Personality Assessment Inventory in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Clinical Neuropsychology, 2007;22:123-130.

Bratton S, Bullock MR, Carney N, Chesnut R, Ghajar J, Hammond F, Harris O, Hartl R, Maas A, Manley G, Marion, D, Nemecek A, Newell D, Rosenthal G, Schouten J, Servadei F, Shutter L, Stocchetti N, Timmons S, Ullman J, Videtta W, Wilberger J, Wright D: Guidelines for the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury, 3rd Edition, Journal of Neurotrauma 2007;24(Suppl 1):S1-S106.

Ratcliff JJ, Greenspan AI, Goldstein FC, Stringer AY, Bushnik T, Hammond FM, Novak TA, Whyte J, Wright DW: Gender and Traumatic Brain Injury: Do the Sexes Fare Differently? Brain Injury 2007:21(10):1023-30.

Vickery C, Sherer M, Nick T, Nakase-Richardson R, Corrigan J, Hammond F, Macciocchi, Ripley D, Sander A: Relationships Among Premorbid Alcohol Use, Acute Intoxication, and Early Functional Status After Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008:89:48-55.

Hirsch MA, Hammond FM, Hirsch HVB. From research to practice: Rehabilitation for persons with Parkinson’s disease. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 2008;24(2):92-98.

Bell KR, Hammond FM, Hart T, Bickett-Knotts A, Temkin NR, Dikmen S: Participant recruitment and retention in rehabilitation research. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2008;87:330-338.

Marquez de la Plata C, Hart T, Hammond FM, Frol AB, Hudak A, Harper CR, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Whyte J, Carlile M, Diaz-Arrastia R: Impact of Age on Long-term Recovery from TBI. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008;89:896-903.

Arango-Lasprilla JC, Ketchum JM,  Dezfulian T,  Kreutzer JS,  O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Hammond F, Jha A:  Predictors of marital stability two years following Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Injury 2008;22(7):565-574.

Kreutzer JS, Rapport LJ, Marwitz JH, Harrison-Felix C, Hart T, Glenn M, Hammond F: Caregiver’s Well-Being After TBI: A Multi-Center Prospective Investigation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90:939-946. Received 2010 Mitch Rosenthal Best TBI Model Systems National Database Paper Award.

Harrison-Felix C, Whiteneck GG, Jha A, DeVivo ML, Hammond FM, Hart DM: Mortality Over Four Decades Following Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009;90:1506-13.

Brenner LA, Carlson NE, Harrison-Felix C, Ashman T, Hammond FM, Hirschberg RE: Self-Inflicted Traumatic Brain Injury: Patient Characteristics and Outcomes. Brain Injury 2009;23(13):991-998.

Hirsch MA, Dulin M, Iyer SS, Hammond FM: Exercise for Management and treatment of Parkinson’s disease. American Family Physician, 2009:79(12):1043.

Dennison A, Hirsch MA, Hammond FM: Rehabilitation with a Mirror. Letter to the editor. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009 Dec;90(12):2155.

Harrington AL, Hirsch MA, Hammond FM, Norton HJ, Bockenek WL: Assessment of Primary Care Services and Perceived Barriers to Care in Persons with Disabilities. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2009;88(10):852-863.

Abeyeta N, Freeman ES, Primack D, Harmon A, Gassaway J, Hammond FM, Dragon C: SCIRehab: The Social Work/Case Management Taxonomy. Journal of Spinal Cord Injury Medicine 2009:32(3).

Zafonte R, Hammond F, Dennison A, Chew E: Pharmacotherapy to enhance arousal: what is known and what is not. Prog Brain Res. 2009;177:293-316.

Hammond FM, Malec JF: The Traumatic Brain Injury Model System: A Longitudinal Database, Research and Knowledge Translation.  European J of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine. 2010;46: 545-8.

Arango-Lasprilla JC, Ketchum J, Cifu D, Hammond F, Castillo C, Nichols E, Watanabe T, Lequerica A, Deng X: Predictors of Extended Rehabilitation Length of Stay After Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2010;91:1495-504.

Graham JE, Radice-Neumann DM, Reistetter TA, Hammond FM, Dijkers M, Granger CV: Influence of sex and age on inpatient rehabilitation outcomes among older adults with TBI. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2010;91:43-50.

TBI Model System Investigators (Carlisle M, Nicewander D, Yablon S, Brown A, Brunner R, Burke D, Chae H, Englander J, Flanagan S, Hammond F, Khademi A, Lombard L, Meythaler J, Mysiw J, Zafonte R, Diaz-Arrastia R): Effectiveness and safety of prophylactic anticoagulation for prevention of symptomatic venous thromboembolism during rehabilitation in patients with traumatic brain injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems study. J Trauma 2010;68:916-923.

Walker WC, Ketchum JM, Marwitz JH, Chen T, Hammond F, Sherer M, Meythaler J: A Multicenter Study on the Clinical Utility of Post-Traumatic Amnesia Duration in Predicting Global Outcome after Traumatic Brain Injury. JNNP 2010:81:87-89.

Seel RT, Sherer M, Whyte J, Katz DI, Giacino JT, Rosenbaum A, Hammond FM, Kalmar K, Pape TL, Zafonte R, Biester RC, Kaelin D, Kean J, Zasler N. Assessment Scales for Disorders of Consciousness: Evidence-Based Recommendations for Clinical Practice and Research. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2010;91:1795-1813.

Demakis G J, Hammond F M, & Knotts A: Prediction of depression and anxiety one year after moderate-severe traumatic brain injury.  Applied Neuropsychology, 2010;17:183-189.

Nakase-Richardson R, Sherer M, Seel R, Hart T, Hanks R, Carlos-Arango J, Yablon SA, Sander A, Barnett SD, Walker W, Hammond F: Utility of Post-traumatic Amnesia in Predicting One-Year Productivity Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Comparison of the Russell and Mississippi PTA Classification Intervals. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2011;Jan 17, PubMed ID:21242285.

Rouleau T, Harrington A, Brennan M, Hammond F, Hirsch M, Bockenek W: Receipt of dental care and barriers encountered by persons with disabilities. Spec Care Dentist 2011;31(2): 63–67.

Radice-Neumann D, Hammond F, Norton J, Blumenthal T: Using startle to objectively measure anger and other emotional responses after traumatic brain injury: A pilot study. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2011;26(5):375-383.

Hammond FM, Davis CS, Whiteside YO, Philbrick P, Hirsch MA: Marital Adjustment and Stability following traumatic brain injury: A pilot qualitative analysis of spouse perspectives. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2011;26(1):69–78.

Hammond FM, Davis CS, Cook JR, Philbrick P, Hirsch MA: Relational Dimension of Irritability Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Qualitative Analysis of Couples’ Perspectives. Brain Injury 2012;26(11):1287-96.

Nakase-Richardson R, Whyte J, Giacino JT, Pavawalla S, Barnett SD, Yablon SA, Sherer M, Kalmar K, Hammond FM, Greenwald B, Horn LJ, Seel R, McCarthy M, Tran J, Walker W: Longitudinal Outcome of Patients with Disordered Consciousness in the NIDRR TBI Model Systems Programs. J Neurotrauma January 1, 2012, 29(1): 59-65.

Link JN, Kropf M, Hirsch MA, Hammond FM, Karlawish J, Schur L, Kruse D, Davis CS: Assessing Voting Competence and Political Knowledge: Comparing Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injuries and “Average” College Students. Election Law Journal 2012;11(1): DOI: 10.1089/elj.2011.0121

Arango-Lasprilla JC, Ketchum J, Drew A, Hammond F, Powell J, Kreutzer J, Lim C, Carr C:  Neurobehavioral Symptoms 1 Year After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Study of the Relationship between Race/Ethnicity and Symptoms. Brain Injury 2012;26(6):814-24.

Giacino JT, Whyte J, Bagiella E, Kalmar K, Childs N, Khademi A, Eifert B, Long D, Katz DI, Cho S, Yablon SA, Luther M, Hammond FM, Nordenbo A, Novak P, Mercer W, Maurer-Karattup P, Sherer M. Placebo-controlled trial of amantadine for severe traumatic brain injury. N Engl J Med. 2012 Mar 1;366(9):819-26. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1102609. PubMed PMID: 22375973.

Neumann D, Zupan B, Babbage DR, Radnovich AJ, Tomita M, Hammond F, Willer B: Affect recognition, empathy and dysosmia following traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012;93:1414-1420.

Sander AM, Maestas KL, Pappadis MR, Sherer M, Hammond FM, Hanks R: Sexual Functioning One Year Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings from a Prospective Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Collaborative Study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012;93(8):1331-1337.

Kowalsky-Hayner SA, Hammond FM, Wright J, Novack TA, Englander J, Diaz-Arrastia R, Dennison A, Sueno P: Ageing and Traumatic Brain Injury: Age, decline in function, and level of assistance over the first 10 years post-injury. Brain Injury 2012;26(11):1328-37.

Malec JF, Hammond FM, Giacino JT, Whyte J, Wright J: A Structured Interview to Improve the Reliability and Psychometric Integrity of the Disability Rating Scale. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2012;93:1603-1608.

Lequerica A, Bushnik T, Wright J, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Hammond FM, Dijkers M, Cantor J: Psychometric Properties of the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue Scale in Traumatic Brain Injury: A NIDRR TBI Model System Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2012;Nov-Dec;27(6):E28-35.

Harrison-Felix C, Kreider SED, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Brown AW, Dijkers MP, Hammond FM, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Hirshson C, Whiteneck Gale, Zasler ZD: Life Expectancy Following Rehabilitation: A NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil November/December 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 6 - p E69–E80.

Harrison-Felix C, Kowalsky-Hayner SA, Hammond FM, Wang R,  Englander J, Dams-O’Connor K, Kreider SED, Novack TA, Diaz-Arrastia R: Mortality after Surviving Traumatic Brain Injury: Risks Based on Age Groups. J Head Trauma Rehabil November/December 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 6 - p E45–E56.

Cantor J, Bushnik T, Cicerone K, Diijkers M, Gordon W, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Hammond FM, Lequerica A, Nguyen M, Spielman LA: Insomnia, Fatigue, and Sleepiness in The First Two Years After Traumatic Brain Injury: A NIDRR TBI Model System Module Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil November/December 2012 - Volume 27 - Issue 6 - p E1–E14.

Lequerica AH, Chiaravalloti ND, Sander AM, Pappadis MR, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Hart, Baños JH, Marquez De La Plata CD, Hammond FM, Sherman TE: The Community Integration Questionnaire: Factor structure across racial/ethnic groups in persons with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2012 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]  J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2013 Nov-Dec;28(6):E14-22. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e31826e3ca8. PubMed PMID: 23249771.

Barker M, Whyte J, Pretz CR, Sherer M, Temkin N, Hammond F, Saad Z, Novack T: Application and Clinical Utility of the Glasgow Coma Scale Over Time: A Study Employing the NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Database. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2013 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print]  2014 Sep-Oct;29(5):400-6. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e31828a0a45. PubMed PMID: 23535391.

Dams-O’Connor K, Spielman L, Hammond F, Sayed N, Culver C, Diaz-Arrastia: An exploration of clinical dementia phenotypes among individuals with and without traumatic brain injury. NeuroRehabilitation 2013;32:199-209.

Sayed N, Culver C, Hammond F, Diaz-Arrastia R: Clinical Phenotype of Dementia after Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma 2013 Jul 1;30(13):1117-22. doi: 10.1089/neu.2012.2638. Epub 2013 Jun 27

Hanks R, Sander A, Millis SR, Hammond FM, Maestas KL: Changes in Sexual Functioning from Six to Twelve Months Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective TBI Model System Multicenter Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2013;28(3):179-185.

Sander A, Maestas KL, Nick TG, Pappadis MR, Hammond FM, Hanks RA: Predictors of Sexual Functioning and Satisfaction One Year Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A TBI Model Systems Multicenter Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2013;28(3):186-194.

Corrigan JD, Hammond FM: Traumatic Brain Injury as a Chronic Health Condition. Arch Physical Med Rehabil 2013, 94:1199-201.

Corrigan JD, Bogner J, Mellick D, Bushnik T, Dams-O'Connor K, Hammond FM, Hart T, Kolakowsky-Hayner S: Prior History of TBI among Persons in the TBI Model Systems National Database. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013 Oct;94(10):1940-50. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.018. Epub 2013 Jun 14.

Nakase-Richardson R, Tran J, Cifu D, Barnett SD, Horn L, Greenwald BD, Brunner R, Whyte J, Hammond FM, Yablon SA, Giacino JT: Do rehospitalization rates differ among injury severity levels in the NIDRR TBI Model Systems Program? Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94:1884-90; 2013 Jun 13.

Whyte J, Nordenbo AM, Kalmar K, Merges B, Bagiella E, Chang H, Yablon S, Cho S, Hammond F, Khademi A, Giacino J: Medical Complications During Inpatient Rehabilitation Among Patients with Traumatic Disorders of Consciousness. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013 Oct;94(10):1877-83. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.12.027. Epub 2013 Jun 2.

Whyte J, Nakase-Richardson R, Hammond FM, McNamee S, Giacino JT, Kalmar K, Greenwald B, Yablon SA, Horn LJ: Functional outcomes in traumatic disorders of consciousness: 5-year outcomes from the NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems. Arch Physical Med Rehabil 2013 Oct;94(10):1855-60. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.10.041. Epub 2013 May 31.

Brooks JC, Strauss DJ, Shavelle RM, Paculdo DR, Hammond FM, Harrison-Felix CL: Long-term Disability and Survival in Traumatic Brain Injury: Results from the NIDRR Model Systems. Arch Phys Medical Rehabil 2013:94(11):2203-9.doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.07.005. Epub 2013 Jul 16.

Pretz C, Malec JF, Hammond FM: A Longitudinal Description of the Disability Rating Scale for Individuals in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013 Dec;94(12):2478-85. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.06.019. Epub 2013 Jul 1.

Hammond FM, Knotts A, Pershad R, Norton HJ: Effectiveness of Amantadine Hydrochloride in the Reduction of Chronic Irritability and Aggression after TBI: A Randomized, Controlled Trial. J Head Trauma Rehabil Epub ahead of print Nov 22, 2013; doi: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000438116.56228.de

Malec JF, Hammond FM, Flanagan S, Kean J, Sander A, Sherer M, Masel B: Recommendations from the 2013 Galveston Brain Injury Conference for Implementation of a Chronic Care Model in Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2013;28(6):476-483.

Krellman J, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Spielman L, Dijkers M, Hammond FM, Bogner J, Hart T, Cantor JB, Tsaousides T:  Predictors of Follow-Up Completeness in Longitudinal Research on Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings from the NIDRR TBI Model Systems Program. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Arch Phys Medicine Rehabil 2013 Nov 7. pii: S0003-9993(13)01112-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.10.016.

Neumann D, Zupan B, Malec J, Hammond F: Relationships Between Alexithymia, Affect Recognition, and Empathy After Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2014 Jan-Feb;29(1):E18-27. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e31827fb0b5.

Dams-O’Connor K, Pretz C, Billah T, Hammond FM, Harrison-Felix C: Global outcome trajectories after TBI among survivors and non-survivors: A National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil. [Epub ahead of print: 2014 Jun 11;PMID: 24922043].  2015;30(4): E1–E10.

Hirsch, MA, Williams K, Norton J, Hammond FM: Test-Re-Test Reliability of the Timed 10-meter Walk Test During Inpatient Rehabilitation In Ambulatory Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury. Brain Inj 2014; 28(8): 1115–1120. http://informahealthcare.com/bij  ISSN: 0269-9052 (print), 1362-301X (electronic)  DOI: 10.3109/02699052.2014.910701

Lieberman JA, Goff DC, Hammond FM, Schreiner PJ, Norton HJ, Dulin MF Zhou X, Steffen LM: Dietary Intake Relative to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study. Topics in SCI rehabilitation 2014;20:127-136.

Engleman W, Hammond FM, Malec JF: Diagnosing Pseudobulbar Affect In Traumatic Brain Injury. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. October 7, 2014;1903-1910.

Lieberman JA, Goff DC, Hammond FM, Schreiner PJ, Norton HJ, Dulin MF, Zhou X, Steffen LM. Dietary Intake and Adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Among Individuals with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine  2014 Nov;37(6):751-7.

Lequerica A, Chiaravalloti N, Cantor J, Dijkers M, Wright J, Kolakowsky-Hayner SA, Bushnik T, Hammond F, Bell K: The factor structure of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in persons with traumatic brain injury. A NIDRR TBI Model Systems Module study. NeuroRehabilitation 2014;35(3):485-92.

Harrison-Felix C, Pretz C, Hammond FM, Cuthbert JP, Bell J, Corrigan J, Miller CA: Life Expectancy following Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States. J Neurotrauma 2014;31:1-9, ePub ahead of print. 2015;32(23):1893-1901.

Hammond FM, Sherer M, Malec JF, Zafonte RD, Whitney M, Bell Kathleen, Dikmen S, Bogner J, Mysiw J, Pershad R, Amantadine Irritability Multisite Study Group. Amantadine Effect on Perceptions of Irritability after TBI: Results of the Amantadine Irritability Multisite Study. J Neurotrauma, 2015 Aug 15;32(16):1230-8.

Hammond FM, Davis CS, Cook JR, Philbrick P, Hirsch MA: A Conceptual Model of Irritability Following TBI: A Qualitative, Participatory Research Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil ePAP June 23, 2015.  2016;31(2):E1-E11. 2016

Hammond FM, Horn SD, Smout RJ, Beaulieu CL, Ryser DK, Sommerfeld, T: Readmission to Acute Care Hospital during Inpatient Rehabilitation for TBI. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S293-303.

Hammond FM, Horn SD, Smout RJ, Seel RT, Beaulieu CL, Corrigan JD, Cullen N, Sommerfeld T, Brandstater ME: Rehospitalization During the First 9-Months Following Inpatient Rehabilitation for TBI Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S330-339.

Hammond FM, Barrett RS, Dijkers MP, Zanca J, Guerrier T, Horn SD, Dunning MR, Hauser E. Group Therapy Utilization During Inpatient Rehabilitation Following TBI. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S282-292.

Hammond FM, Barrett RS, Shea T, Seel RT, McAlister TW, Kaelin D, Ryser DK, Corrigan JD, Cullen N, Horn SD: Psychotropic Medication Use for TBI Patients During Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S2256-273.

Brooks J, Shavelle RM, Strauss DJ, Hammond FM, Harrison-Felix CL: Long-term Survival after Traumatic Brain Injury. Part I: External Validity of Prognosis Models. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96:994-9.

Brooks J, Shavelle RM, Strauss DJ, Hammond FM, Harrison-Felix CL: Long-term Survival after Traumatic Brain Injury. Part II: Life Expectancy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96:1000-5.

Greenwald BD, Hammond FM, Harrison-Felix C, Nakase-Richardson R, Howe LLS, Kreider S: Mortality following Traumatic Brain Injury among Individuals Unable to Follow Commands at the Time of Rehabilitation Admission: A NIDRR TBI Model Systems Study. J Neurotrauma 2015 Mar 25.

Neumann D, Malec JF, Hammond FM: The Association of Negative Attribution with Irritation and Anger after Brain Injury. Rehabilitation Psychology Rehabilitation Psychology 2015;60(2):155-161.

Corrigan JD, Horn SD, Barrett RS, Smout RJ, Bogner J, Hammond FM, Brandstater ME, Majercik S: Effects of Patient Preinjury and Injury Characteristics on Acute Rehabilitation Outcomes for Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil  2015;96(8Suppl3):S209-221.

Horn SD, Kinikini M, Moore LW, Hammond FM, Brandstater ME, Smout RJ, Barrett RS: Enteral Nutrition for Patient with Traumatic Brain Injury in the Rehabilitation Setting: Associations With Patient Preinjury and Injury Characteristics and outcome. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S245-255.

Horn SD, Corrigan JD, Bogner J, Hammond FM, Seel RT, Smout RJ, Barrett RS, Dijkers MP, Whiteneck GG: Traumatic Brain Injury Practice-Based Evidence Study: Design and Patients, Centers, Treatments, and Outcomes. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S178-196.

Seel RT, Barrett RS, Beaulieu CL, Ryser DK, Hammond FM, Cullen N, Garmore W, Sommerfeld T, Corrigan JD, Horn SD. Institutional Variation in Traumatic Brain Injury Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation Practice. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S197-208.

Beaulieu CL, Dijkers MP, Barrett RS, Horn SD, Giuffrida CG, Timpson ML, Carroll DM, Smout RJ, Hammond FM: Occupational, Physical, and Speech Therapy Treatment Activities during Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S222-34.

Bogner J, Barrett RS, Hammond FM, Horn SD, Corrigan JD, Rosenthal J, Beaulieu CL, Waszkiewicz M, Shea T, Reddin CJ, Cullen N, Giuffrida CG, Young J, Garmoe W: Predictors of Agitated Behavior During Inpatient Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2015;96(8Suppl3):S274-81.

Farrell-Carnahan L, Barnett S, Lamberty G, Hammond FM, Kretzmer T, Franke L, Geiss M, Howe L, McNamee S, Richardson R: Insomnia symptoms and behavioral health symptoms in veterans 1 year after traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury Aug 18 2015 Online, pages 1-9.

Lequerica A, Krch D, Lengenfelder J, Chiaravalloti N, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Hammond FM, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Perrin PB, Sander AM: Comparison of FIM™ Communication Ratings For English Versus Non-English Speakers with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) in the TBI Model Systems (TBIMS) National Database. Brain Inj Published online: 18 Sep 2015.

Sander AM, Maestas KL, Pappadis MR, Hammond FM, Hanks RA: A Multicenter Study of Sexual Functioning in Spouses/Partners of Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2016;97(5):753-9. (Feb 1, 2016 Epub)

Backhaus S, Neumann D, Parrott DR, Hammond FM, Brownson C, Malec J: Examination of an Intervention to Enhance Relationship Satisfaction after Brain Injury: A Feasibility Study. Brain Inj 2016,16:1-11.

Hammond FM, Alexander DN, Cutler AJ, D’Amico SD, Doody RS, Sauve W, Zorowitz RD, Davis CS, Shil P, Ledone F, Yonan C, Formella AE, Siffert J: PRISM II: An Open-Label Study to Assess Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect in Patients with Dementia, Stroke or TBI. BMC Neurology 2016;16:89.

Fischer LB, Pedrelli P, Iverson GL, Bergquist TF, Bombardier CH, Hammond FM, Hart T, Ketchum J, Giacino J, Zafonte R: Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior Following Traumatic Brain Injury: Longitudinal Follow-Up Data from the NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems. Brain Injury. Brain Injury 2016 Aug 19:1-8.

Lequerica A, Botticello A, Lengenfelder J, Chiaravalloti N, Bushnik T, Dijkers MP, Hammond FM; Kolakowsky-Hayner S, Rosenthal J: Factors associated with remission of post-Traumatic Brain Injury fatigue in the years following traumatic brain injury (TBI): A TBI Model Systems Module Study. Neuropsychol Rehabil 2016 Sep 16:1-12.

Dams-O’Connor K, Mellick D, Pretz C, Dreer L, Hammond FM, Hoffman J, Landau A, Zafonte R: Rehospitalization over 10 years among survivors of TBI: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  Nov 9, 2016.

McDonald BC, Flashman LA, Arciniegas DB, Fergusin RJ, Xing L, Jaroslaw J, Harezlak J, Sprehn GC, Hammond FM, Maerlender AC, Kruck CL, Gillock KL, Wall RN, Saykin AJ, McAllister TW: Methylphenidate and Memory and Attention Adaptation Training (MAAT) for persistent cognitive symptoms after traumatic brain injury (TBI).  Neuropsychopharmacology 2016 Nov 22. doi: 10.1038/npp.2016.261.

Ritter AC, Wagner AK, Fabio A, Pugh MJ, Walker W, Szaflarski J, Zafonte RD, Brown A, Hammond FM, Bushnik T, Johnson-Greene D, Shea T, Rosenthal J, Dreer L: Incidence and risk factors of posttraumatic seizures following traumatic brain injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. Epilepsia. 2016 Dec;57(12):1968-1977. doi: 10.1111/epi.13582. Epub 2016 Oct 14.

Ritter AC, Wagner AK, Fabio A, Pugh MJ, Walker W, Szaflarski J, Zafonte RD, Brown A, Hammond FM, Bushnik T, Johnson-Greene D, Shea T, Krellman JW, Rosenthal JA, Dreer LE: Prognostic Models for Predicting Post-Traumatic Seizures During Acute Hospitalization, and at 1 and 2 Years Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Epilepsia. 2016 Sep;57(9):1503-14. doi: 10.1111/epi.13470. Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Neumann D, Malec J, Hammond F: Negative Attribution Bias and Anger after Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil  Nov 9, 2016.

Neumann D, Malec JF, Hammond FM: The relations of self-reported aggression with alexithymia, depression and anxiety after Traumatic Brain Injury.  J Head Trauma Rehabil  Nov 9, 2016.

Neumann D, Malec JF, Hammond FM: Reductions in Alexithymia and Emotional Dysregulation after Training Emotional Self-awareness Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Phase I trial. J Head Trauma Rehabil Jan 2017. [Epub ahead of print]  DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000277

Kumar RG, Juengst SB, Wang Z, Dams-O’Conner K, Dikmen SS, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Dahdah MN, Hammond FM, Felix E, Arenth PM, Wagner AK: Epidemiology of Comorbid Conditions Among Adults 50 Years and Older with Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2017, Jan 5. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000273.

Tran J, Hammond F, Dams-O’Connor K, Tang X, Eapen B, McCarthy M, Nakase-Richardson R: Rehospitalization in the First Year following Veteran and Service Member TBI: A VA TBI Model Systems Study.  J Head Trauma Rehabil  January 2017.

Rahurkar S, McFarlane TD, Wang J, Hoover S, Hammond F, Kean J, Dixon BE: Leveraging Health Information Exchange to Construct a Registry for Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury and Stroke in Indiana.  AMIA Annu Symp Proc 2018 April 16;2017:1400-1449. eCollection 2017.

Stevens LF, Lapis Y, Tang X, Sander AM, Dreer LE, Hammond FM, Kreutzer J, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Nakase-Richardson R: Relationship Stability After Traumatic Brain Injury Among Veterans and Service Members: A VA TBI Model Systems Study.  J Head Trauma Rehabil. May 17, 2017. July/August 2017 - Volume 32 - Issue 4 - p 234–244

Hammond FM, Malec JF, Zafonte R, Sherer M, Bogner J, Dikmen S, Whitney M, Bell K, Perkins S, Moser EA: Amantadine for the Treatment of Aggression and Anger after Chronic TBI. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2017:32(5):308-318.

Kowalski R, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Bell J, Corrigan J, Hammond F, Torbey M, Hofmann M, Dams-O'Connor K, Miller A, Whiteneck G: Acute Ischemic Stroke Following Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Incidence and Impact on Outcome. Stroke  ePAP: June 13, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.017327  Jul;48(7):1802-1809.

Juengst S, Wagner A, Ritter A, Szaflarski J, Walker W, Zafonte R, Brown A, Hammond F, Pugh MJ, Shea T, Krellman J, Bushnik T, Arenth P: Post-Traumatic Epilepsy Associations with Mental Health Outcomes in the First Two Years after Moderate to Severe TBI: A TBI Model Systems Analysis.  Epilepsy Behav 2017 Aug; 73:240-246. PMID: 28658654.

Malec JF, Stump TE, Monahan PO, Kean J, Neumann D, Hammond FM. Rasch analysis, dimensionality, and scoring of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Irritability and Aggression subscales in individuals with traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Epub ahead of print, Sept 13, 2017. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2017.07.020. Feb 2018:99(2):281-288.

Malec JF, Hammond FM. The minimal clinically important difference for the Rasch Neuropsychiatric Inventory Irritability and Aggression Scale for Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Sept 13, 2017. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2017.06.038. Feb 2018:99(3):603-606.

O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Ketchum JM, Hammond FM, Philippus A, Weber E, Dams-O’Connor K: Physical, Cognitive, and Psychosocial Characteristics Associated with Mortality in Chronic TBI Survivors:  A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  December 21, 2017. 2017 Dec 21. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000365.

Dams-O’Connor K, Sy KT, Landau A, Bodien Y, Dikmen S, Felix ER, Giacino JT, Gibbons L, Hammond FM, Hart T, Johnson-Greene D, Lengenfelder J, Lequerica A, Newman J, Novack T, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Whiteneck G. The feasibility of telephone-administered cognitive testing in individuals 1 and 2 years after inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 2018; ePAP: https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2017.5347

Hammond FM, Sherer M, Malec JF, Bogner J, Dikmen S, Bell K, Barber J, Temkin N: Amantadine Did Not Positively Impact Cognition in Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multi-site, Randomized, Controlled Trial.  J Neurotrauma  Published Online:https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.5767

Lequerica AH, Botticello A, O’Neill J, Lengenfelder J, Krch D, Chiaravalloti ND, Sander A, Bushnik T, Ketchum J, Hammond FM, Dams-O’Connor K, Felix E, Johnson-Greene D: Moderating Effects of Location on the Relationship Between Nativity and Productive Activity Among Hispanic Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2018 May 31. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000398.

Sander AM, Lequerica AH, Ketchum JM, Hammond FM, Gary KW, Pappadis MR, Felix ER, Johnson-Greene D, Bushnik T:  Race/Ethnicity and Retention in Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes Research: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems National Database Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2018 May 31. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000395.

Hawley L, Hart T, Waldman W, Glenn M, Hammond F, Dams-O’Connor K:  Living Well After Traumatic Brain Injury.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil  2018;99:1441-2.

Dreer LE, Ketchum JM, Novack TA, Bogner J, Felix ER, Corrigan JD, Johnson-Greene D, Hammond FM: Obesity and Overweight Problems Among Individuals 1 to 25 Years Following Acute Rehabilitation for Traumatic Brain Injury: A NIDILRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2018;33(4):246-256.

Harrison-Felix C, Newman J, Hawley L, Morey C, Ketchum JM, Braden C, Eagye CB, Millis SR, Malec J, Walker WC, Howe L, Bell K, Hammond FM: Social Competence Treatment after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Trial of Interactive Group Treatment versus Non-Interactive Treatment.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 Nov;99(11):2131-2142. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.030. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Whyte J, Ketchum JM, Bogner J, Bruner R, Hammond FM, Zafonte R, Whiteneck G, Weintraub A: The Effects of Statin Treatment on Outcomes from Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma  2018 Jun 28. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5545. [Epub ahead of print]

Giacino JT, Katz DL, Schiff ND, Whyte J, Ashman EJ, Ashwal S, Barbano R, Hammond FM, Laureys S, Ling GSF, Nakase-Richardson R, Seel RT, Yablon A, Getchius TSD, Gronseth GS, Armstrong MJ: Systematic review update summary: Disorders of consciousness. Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology; the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine; and the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research.  Neurology  First published https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000005928

Giacino JT, Katz DL, Schiff ND, Whyte J, Ashman EJ, Ashwal S, Barbano R, Hammond FM, Laureys S, Ling GSF, Nakase-Richardson R, Seel RT, Yablon A, Getchius TSD, Gronseth GS, Armstrong MJ: Practice guideline recommendations summary: Disorders of consciousness Report of the Guideline Development, Dissemination, and Implementation Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology; the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine; and the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research. Neurology  First published https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000005926

Hammond FM, Sauve W, Shin P, Ledon F, Formella, AE, Davis C:  Safety, Tolerability, and Effectiveness of Dextromethorphan/Quinidine for Pseudobulbar Affect among Persons with TBI: Results from the PRISM-II Open Label Study. PMR 2018 Feb 23. pii: S1934-1482(18)30101-1. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2018.02.010.

Hammond FM, Giacino JT, Nakase-Richardson R, Sherer M, Zafonte RD, Whyte J, Arciniegas DB, Tang X: Disorders of Consciousness due to TBI: Functional Status Ten Years Post-Injury. J Neurotrauma 2019 Apr 1;36(7):1136-1146. doi: 10.1089/neu.2018.5954. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Hammond FM, Corrigan JD, Ketchum JM, Malec JF, Dams-O’Connor K, Hart T, Novack TA, Bogner J, Dahdah M, Whiteneck G. Prevalence of medical and psychiatric comorbidities following TBI. J Head Trauma Rehabil  Jan 2, 2019.  doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000465

Hammond FM, Baker-Spar CA, Dahdah M, Dams-O’Connor K, Dreer L, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Novak T, Harrison-Felix C: Predictors of 1-year Global Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury Among Older Adults:  A NIDILRR TBI Model Systems Study. Journal Aging and Health  November 12, 2019; 31(10s).  https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264318819197

Malec JF, Ketchum JM, Hammond FM, Corrigan JD, Dams-O’Connor K, Hart T, Novack TA, Bogner J, Dahdah M, Whiteneck G: Longitudinal Effects of Medical Comorbidities on Functional Outcome and Life Satisfaction after Traumatic Brain Injury: An Individual Growth Curve Analysis of NIDILRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Data. J Head Trauma Rehabil  February 27, 2019 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - p doi:10.1097/HTR.0000000000000459

Backhaus S, Neumann D, Parrot D, Hammond F, Brownson C, Malec J: A Couples’ Intervention to Enhance Relationships after Brain Injury (Couples CARE): A Randomized, Controlled Trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil  2019;100:195-204.

Brown AW, Pretz CR, Bell KR, Hammond FM, Arciniegas DB, Bodien YG, Dams-O’Connor K, Giacino JT, Hart T, Johnson-Greene D, Kowalski RG, Walker WC, Weintraub A, Zafonte RD: Predictive utility of an adapted Marshall head CT classification scheme after traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury 2019;33:5, 610-617, Published online Jan 19, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2019.1566970

Timpson M, Hade EM, Beaulieu C, Horn SD, Hammond FM, Peng J, Montgomery E, Giuffrida C, Gilchrist K, Lash A, Dijkers M, Corrigan JD, Bogner J. Advanced Therapy in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Effects on Outcomes During the First Year after Discharge. Arch Phys Med Rehabil (2019), doi: https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2018.11.015

Beaulieu CL, Peng J, Hade EM, Corrigan JD, Seel RT, Dijkers MP, Hammond FM, Horn SD, Timpson ML, Swan M, Bogner J. Level of Effort and 3 Hour Rule Compliance. Arch Phys Med Rehabil (2019), Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019;100(10):1827-1836.  doi: https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.01.014.

Hirsch MA, Kropf MA, Hammond FM, Schur L, Karlawish J, Ball AM: Voting characteristics of individuals with traumatic brain injury.  World Medical & Health Policy.  World Medical and Health Policy 2019;11(1):24-42.

Dams-O’Connor K, Ketchum JM, Cuthbert JP, Corrigan J, Hammond FM, Haarbauer Krupa J, Kowalski RG, Miller AC. Functional Outcome Trajectories following Inpatient Rehabilitation for TBI in the United States: A NIDILRR TBIMS and CDC Interagency Collaboration. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2019; DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000484

Kumar RG, Olsen J, Juengst SB, Dams-O’Connor K, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Hammond FM, Wagner AK:  Comorbid Conditions Among Adults 50 Years and Older with Traumatic Brain Injury: Examining Associations with Demographics, Health Care Utilization, Institutionalization and 1-year Outcomes. J Head Trauma Rehabil  J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2019 Feb 27. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000470.

Miles SR, Brenner, LA, Neumann D, Hammond FM, Ropacki, S, Tang X, Eapen BC, Smith A, Nakase-Richardson R. Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms contribute to staff perceived anger, irritability, and aggression after TBI: A VA TBI Model Systems study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil  Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019 Sep 9. pii: S0003-9993(19)31051-2. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2019.07.018.

Lequerica AH, Weber E, Dijkers M, Dams-O’Connor K, Kolakowsky-Hayner S, Goldin Y, Bell KR, Bushnik T, Hammond FM: Factors Associated with the Resolution of Insomnia After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. Brain Injury Received 14 Feb 2019, Accepted 15 Oct 2019, Published online: 22 Oct 2019; 34:2,187-194, https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2019.1682193

Bogner J, Peng J, Beaulieu C, Horn SD, Corrigan JD, Hammond FM, Dijkers MP, Montgomery R, Gilchrist K, Giuffrida C, Lash A, Timpson M:  Family Involvement in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Propensity Score Analysis of Effects on Outcomes During the First Year after Discharge. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019;100(10):1801-1810.

Bogner J, Peng J, Beaulieu C, Horn SD, Corrigan JD, Hammond FM, Dijkers MP, Montgomery R, Gilchrist K, Giuffrida C, Lash A, Timpson M:  Contextualized Treatment in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: Effects on Outcomes During the First Year After Discharge. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2019;100(10):1810-1817.

Giacino JT, Bagiella E, Maurer-Karattup P, Sherer M, Hammond FM, Long D: Behavioral and Functional Recovery in Patients with Prolonged Traumatic Disorders of Consciousness. J Neurotrauma  Published Online: https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2019.6429

Hawley L, Hammond FM, Cogan A, Juengst S, Mumbower R, Pappadia M, Waldman W, Dams-O’Connor: Ethical Considerations in Chronic Brain Injury.  J Head Trauma Rehabil 2019;34(6).

Love J, Hanley S, McFarlane TD, Dixon BE, Hammond FM: Increased Risk of Stroke Among Hospitalized and Younger Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2019 Nov 8. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000539.

Hammond FM, Hirsch MA, Davis CS, Snow JN, Kropf M, Karlawish J: Voting is my super power! Voting Tips for People Living With Disability.  Arch Phys Med Rehabil  https://www.archives-pmr.org/action/showPdf?pii=S0003-9993%2820%2930168-4

Ibarra S, Parrott D, Waldman W, Hammond FM, Dillahunt-Aspillaga C, Trexler L: Provision of Resource Facilitation Services for Individuals with Acquired Brain Injury across the United States: Results of a 2018 Resource Facilitator Provider Survey. 2020;34(6): 732-740. Brain Inj DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2020.1749931

Neumann D, Sander A, Perkins S, Bhamidipalli SS, Witwer N, Combs D, Hammond FM: Assessing Negative Attributions after Brain Injury with the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire. J Head Trauma Rehabil May 27, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue -doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000581

Neumann D, Sander A, Bhamidipalli, Perkins SM, Hammond FM: Assessing Negative Attributions Bias and Related Risk Factors after Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil July 22, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue -doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000600

Neumann D, Sander AM, Witwer N, Jang JH, Bhamidiapalli, Hammond FM. Evaluating Negative Attributions in Persons with Brain Injury: A Comparison of Two Measures. J Head Trauma Rehabil  November 13, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue -doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000635

Kumar RG, Ketchum JM, Corrigan JD, Hammond FM, Sevigny M, Dams-O'Connor K. The Longitudinal Effects of Comorbid Health Burden on Functional Outcomes for Adults With Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2020 Jul/Aug;35(4):E372-E381. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000572. PubMed PMID: 32108718; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7335323.

Sherer M, Katz DI, Bodien YG, Arciniegas DB, Block C, Blum S, Doiron M, Frey K, Giacino JT, Graf MJP, Greenwald B, Hammond FM, Kalmar K, Kean J, Kraus MF, Nakase-Richardson R, Pavawalla S, Rosenbaum A, Stuss DT, Yablon SA. Post-traumatic Confusional State: A Case Definition and Diagnostic Criteria. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Jul 29:S0003-9993(20)30448-2. 101(11):2041-2050. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2020.06.021. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32738198

Hammond FM, Ketchum JM, Dams-O’Connor K, Corrigan JD, Miller AC, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Faul M, Trexler LE, Harrison-Felix C:  Mortality Secondary to Unintentional Poisoning after Inpatient Rehabilitation for TBI. J Neurotrauma https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2020.7038

Hammond FM, Perkins SM, Nakase Richardson R, Corrigan JD, Brown A, O’Neil-Pirozzi TM, Zasler N, Greenwald B: Functional Change from 5 o 15 Years Following TBI. J Neurotrauma  PMID: 32907468   https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2020.7287

Hammond FM, Waldman W, Katta-Charles S, Littell K: Getting the Most Out of Your Telemedicine Physician Visits. Arch Phys Med Rehabil  December 13, 2020. https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1cEYnwCg4Gbr

Mahoney EJ, Silva MA, Reljic T, Dams-O’Connor K, Hammond FM, Monden KR, Chung JS, Dillahunt-Aspillaga C, Nakase-Richardson R. Rehabilitation Needs at Five-Years Post-TBI: A VA TBI Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  2020 Nov. DOI: 10.1097/htr.0000000000000629.

Whiteneck GG, Ketchum JM, Almeida EJ, Goldstein R, Brown AW, Corrigan JD, Hammond FM, Weintraub AW, Tefertiller C. Developing an Index of Medical Conditions Associated with Outcomes After Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.  J Neurotrauma   2020 Nov 30. doi: 10.1089/neu.2020.7366. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33256501.

Whyte J, Giacino JT, Heinemann AW, Bodien Y, Hart T, Sherer M, Whiteneck GG, Mellick D, Hammond FM, Semik P, Rosenbaum A, Richardson RN. Brain Injury Functional Outcome Measure (BI-FOM): A Single Instrument Capturing the Range of Recovery in Moderate-Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2020 Oct 3:S0003-9993(20)30968-0. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2020.09.377. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33022273.

Trexler LE, Corrigan JD, Dave S, Hammond FM. Recommendations For Prescribing Opioids For People With Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020;101(11):2033-2040.

Giacino JT, Whyte J, Nakase-Richardson R, Katz D, Arciniegas D, Blum S, Day K, Greenwald B, Hammond FM, Pape TB, Rosenbaum A, Seel R, Weintraub A, Yablon S, Zafonte R, Zasler N. Minimal Competency Recommendations for Programs that Provide Rehabilitation Services for Persons with Disorders of Consciousness: A Position Statement of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems. Archives Phys Med Rehabil Published: February 20,2020 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2020.01.013

Hammond FM, Sevigny M, Backhaus S, Neumann D, Katta-Charles S, Corrigan JD, Gazett H: Marital Stability over 10 years following Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil  In Press

Sander A, Ketchum JM, Lequerica AH, Pappadis MR, Bushnik T, Hammond FM, Sevigny. Primary Language and Participation Outcomes in Hispanics With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. J Head Trauma Rehabil  In Press

Hammond FM, Guerrier T, Rickard S: Who will care for my family member with brain injury when I am no longer able to provide care?: Securing the future through planning. Arch Phys Med Rehabil https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0003999320312715?token=5F20C56AF589B11EF1A8F26FC535F921F83C6770DC0892BC57801FCA64A6DE640A279E30E4FACBCC53F8DDF4E88A6E50

Hammond FM, Hirsch MA, Davis CS, Snow JN, Kropf M, Karlawish J, Schur L, Kruse D, Ball AM: Exploratory Qualitative Examination of Voting Empowerment and Participation Among People Living with Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil  In Press

Miles SR, Hammond FM, Neumann D, Silva MA, Yang X, Kajankova M, Dillahunt-Aspillaga C, Nakase-Richardson R. Evolution of Irritability, Anger, and Aggression after Traumatic Brain Injury: Identifying and Predicting Subgroup. J Neurotrauma  In Press

Hammond FM, Zafonte RD, Tang Q, Jang JH. Carbamazepine for Irritability and Aggression after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study. J Neurotrauma  In Press

Titles & Appointments

  • Chair, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Covalt Professor of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Education
    1990 MD Tulane University
    1986 BS Tulane University
  • Research

    Dr. Hammond’s research focuses on the longterm issues confronting individuals with disability due to brain injury and spinal cord injury, and effectiveness of treatments. Particular areas of focus include: irritability, aggression, emotional control, relationships and marriage, electoral participation, prognosis, trajectory, and longterm outcomes. 

    Dr. Hammond's research is informing a transition in the care of brain injury to focus on brain injury as a chronic condition to more proactively and comprehensively meet the needs for people living with the chronic effects of brain injury. 

  • Professional Organizations
    American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rebahilitation
    American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)
    Association of Academic Physiatrists
  • Board Certifications
    American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Brain Injury Medicine
    American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Interests

    Brain Injury, Concussion, Stroke, Spasticity due to brain injury or stroke, Irritability and aggression due to brain injury, Prognosis and recovery after brain injury

     

  • Awards
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Best Paper Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2020-08-01
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2019-12-05
    Org: American Congress of Rehabilitation
    Desc: David Strauss, Ph.D. Memorial Award Best Poster Award
    Scope: International
    Date: 2019-10-01
    Org: National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (NARRTC)
    Desc: National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers Best Paper Runner Up
    Scope: National
    Date: 2019-05-01
    Org: National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (NARRTC)
    Desc: National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers Best Paper Runner Up
    Scope: National
    Date: 2019-05-01
    Org: Brain Injury Association of America
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal Memorial Webinar
    Scope: National
    Date: 2019-03-01
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2018-12-01
    Org: Drexel University School of Medicine
    Desc: Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine Fellow
    Scope: National
    Date: 2018-04-26
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2017-12-01
    Org: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Desc: Distinguished Member Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2017-10-06
    Org: Richmond Brain Injury Conference
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Memorial Lecture Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2017-05-01
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living Rehabilitation and Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2016-12-08
    Org: University of Texas Galveston Medical Branch & Transitional Learning Services; Galveston Brain Injury Conference
    Desc: Moody Prize for Distinguished Initiatives in Brain Injury Research
    Scope: International
    Date: 2016-05-02
    Org: National Institute on Disability Independent Living Rehabilitation and Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2015-12-03
    Org: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Desc: Best Neurologic Rehabilitation Poster Presentation
    Scope: National
    Date: 2014-10-02
    Org: Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis
    Desc: Prestigious External Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2014-05-16
    Org: National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2013-12-08
    Org: Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Desc: Distinguished Alumnus Award
    Scope: University
    Date: 2013-10-03
    Org: American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
    Desc: David Strauss Poster Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2013-09-28
    Org: American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
    Desc: Fellows Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2013-09-28
    Org: American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine/American Society of Neurorehabilitation
    Desc: Best Poster Presentation
    Scope: International
    Date: 2013-09-06
    Org: Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Desc: Leavitt Lecture Award
    Scope: Department
    Date: 2013-06-06
    Org: Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana and Dr. Lisa Thompson Foundation
    Desc: Golden Brain Award
    Scope: Campus
    Date: 2013-03-15
    Org: National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper
    Scope: National
    Date: 2012-12-03
    Org: Faculty of 1000
    Desc: top 2% of published articles in biology and medicine
    Scope: National
    Date: 2012-12-01
    Org: National Association of Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers
    Desc: Best Paper Presentation
    Scope: National
    Date: 2012-06-01
    Org: Santa Clara Valley Medical Center Brain Injury Conference
    Desc: Best Poster Presentation
    Scope: National
    Date: 2012-05-06
    Org: Brain Injury Association - America
    Desc: William Fields Caveness Award for national and international research impacting brain injury care
    Scope: International
    Date: 2011-10-03
    Org: National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research
    Desc: Mitch Rosenthal, PhD Best Paper Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2010-12-05
    Org: Carolinas HealthCare System
    Desc: Record Breaker Award for excellence in external grant funding
    Scope: Campus
    Date: 2009-05-20
    Org: Association of Academic Physiatrists
    Desc: Young Academician Award
    Scope: National
    Date: 2001-02-28
    Org: Association of Academic Physiatrists
    Desc: Best Faculty Paper Presentation
    Scope: National
    Date: 2001-02-28
    Org: Tulane University School of Medicine
    Desc: Community Service Award
    Scope: University
    Date: 1988-06-01

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