Lung Development and Function
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis include redness, dryness and itching of the skin. Currently, the condition is treated with hydration and topical creams containing immune suppressive drugs, such as steroids.
Common causes of allergic reaction—called allergens—include pollen, dust mites or animal dander. Some food allergens are also linked to atopic dermatitis.
Currently, asthma is treated with inhaled steroids, beta-agonists, and inhibitors of other inflammatory pathways. Acute symptoms are treated with bronchodilators and severe reactions with epinephrine. There are no cures for asthma, and although many cases of the disease are well controlled, children die every year from severe asthma attacks.
As with other allergic reactions, symptoms range from mild to severe. The best method of prevention is avoidance of the known allergen. Current treatments include over-the-counter antihistamines for mild symptoms, and epinephrine for severe reactions.