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On ‘Sound Medicine’: Military women and violence, happy commuters, and when surgery ends badly

IU School of Medicine • 7/17/14

INDIANAPOLIS — The “Sound Medicine” program for July 20 includes conversations about the problem of intimate partner violence in military women; how different modes of transportation affect happiness; preventing and treating migraines through electrical stimulation; and what happens when surgeries end badly.

Why does the issue of intimate partner violence in military women receive little attention from the public? According to the Journal of Women’s Health, 36 percent of military women report physical, psychological or sexual intimate partner violence during their time in service. Theresa Rohr-Kirchgraber, M.D., explains the issue, what women should do if they’re in this situation, and how it’s not discussed as often as it should be. Dr. Rohr-Kirchgraber is an associate professor of clinical medicine at the Indiana University School of Medicine, as well as the director of the IU National Center of Excellence in Women’s Health.

Can your mode of transportation affect your level of happiness? After researching happiness levels and how people commute to work, Eric Morris, Ph.D., found that bicyclists are the happiest commuters. Dr. Morris, an associate professor of city and regional planning at Clemson University in South Carolina, discusses the results of his study, which looked at four modes of transportation: bike, car, bus and walking.

How do bad surgery outcomes affect surgeons and patients? After speaking on “Sound Medicine” in November, Sid Schwab, M.D., returns to discuss what happens when well-done surgeries have bad outcomes and the challenges of fixing problems other surgeons leave behind. Dr. Schwab is a semi-retired surgeon in Seattle who writes regularly about the art and craft of surgery.

How are migraines prevented and treated through electrical stimulation? Earlier this year, the FDA approved a battery-powered headband meant to treat migraines through electrical stimulation. Stewart Tepper, M.D., discusses the lack of research and availability for the new treatment, as well as similar treatments that provide electrical stimulation. Dr. Tepper is the director of research at the Center for Headache and Pain at the Cleveland Clinic, where he’s also a professor of medicine.