Matthew J. Bair, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Dr. Bair is a Core Investigator for the VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Health Information and Communication, an attending physician in the Inpatient Medicine Service at Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, and Regenstrief Research Scientist. Dr. Bair’s research is focused on affective disorders (e.g. depression and anxiety), chronic pain, and developing strategies to improve pain management in the primary care setting. His long-term goal is to develop and test pain management therapies that combine pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments.
Dr. Bair currently serves as editorial board member for the journals Pain Medicine and Pain Practice and deputy editor for the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
He has conducted a randomized controlled trial to compare a combination of pain treatments, including algorithm-based analgesics, pain self-management, and cognitive behavioral therapy, versus usual care. This was the first of many interventions for chronic pain treatment of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.
Dr. Bair teaches implementation research methods and evidence-based medicine to medical residents, fellows, and IUPUI junior faculty. In 2013, Indiana University medical students selected him as “Outstanding Educator” and in 2014, he received an Indiana University Teaching Award for his instruction in the Student Outpatient Clinic.
affective disorders in chronic pain | implementation research | medical education
General Internal Medicine
VA Center for Health Information and Communication, Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center 1481 W 10th Street, 11H
Indianapolis, IN 46202
Titles & Appointments
- Research Scientist, Indiana University Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research, Regenstrief Institute, Inc.
- Core Investigator, VA HSR&D Center for Health Information and Communication, Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center
VA HSR&D Investigator Initiated Research (IIR) (2/1/2017-1/31/2021). “Trial Outcomes for Massage: Caregiver-assisted vs. Therapist-treated (TOMCATT).” Role: PI.
VA HSR&D Merit (3/1/2018-2/28/2022). "Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain: Do Modifications Affect Veterans or Implementation (CBT-CP-MAVEN)." PI: McGuire. Role: Co-investigator.
PCORI (11/1/2016-10/31/2021). "Comparative effectiveness of patient-centered strategies to improve pain management and apioid safety for Veterans." PI: Krebs. Role: Co-investigator.
VA HSR&D Merit (7/1/2015-6/30/2019). "Evaluation of a peer coach-led intervention for the improvement of pain symptoms (ECLIPSE)." PI: Matthias. Role: Co-investigator.
VA HSR&D Merit IIR (10/1/2015-9/30/2019). "Primary care intervention to reduce prescription opioid overdoses." PI: Bohnert. Role: Co-investigator.
Pain self-management training increases self-efficacy, self-management behaviours and pain and depression outcomes.
Association between pain outcomes and race and opioid treatment: Retrospective cohort study of Veterans.
Facilitators and Barriers to Participation in a Peer Support Intervention for Veterans with Chronic Pain.
Barriers to guideline-concordant antibiotic use among inpatient physicians: A case vignette qualitative study.
Evaluation of Stepped Care for Chronic Pain (ESCAPE) in Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Conflicts: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Chronic pain and comorbid mental health conditions: independent associations of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression with pain, disability, and quality of life.
Factors Influencing Antibiotic-Prescribing Decisions Among Inpatient Physicians: A Qualitative Investigation.
The bidirectional relationship between sleep complaints and pain: Analysis of data from a randomized trial.
Overdoses in Patients on Opioids: Risks Associated with Mental Health Conditions and Their Treatment.
Preferences, experience, and attitudes in the management of chronic pain and depression: a comparison of physicians and medical students.
A brief peer support intervention for veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain: a pilot study of feasibility and effectiveness.
Military Veterans' Experiences with Suicidal Ideation: Implications for Intervention and Prevention.
Mental health utilization of new-to-care Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans following suicidal ideation assessment.
Impact of race and sex on pain management by medical trainees: a mixed methods pilot study of decision making and awareness of influence.
Racial differences in prescription of opioid analgesics for chronic noncancer pain in a national sample of veterans.
A qualitative study of chronic pain in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans: "A burden on my soul".
Pain experience of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans with comorbid chronic pain and posttraumatic stress.
Communicating about opioids for chronic pain: a qualitative study of patient attributions and the influence of the patient-physician relationship.
Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.
Capsule commentary on Davydow et al., depression and risk of hospitalizations for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions in patients with diabetes.
Primary care clinician responses to positive suicidal ideation risk assessments in veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan.
Association between sense of coherence and health-related quality of life among primary care patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.
"I'm not abusing or anything": patient-physician communication about opioid treatment in chronic pain.
An expanded view of self-management: patients' perceptions of education and support in an intervention for chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Stepped Care to Optimize Pain care Effectiveness (SCOPE) trial study design and sample characteristics.
A phase III randomized three-arm trial of physical therapist delivered pain coping skills training for patients with total knee arthroplasty: the KASTPain protocol.
"There's more to this pain than just pain": how patients' understanding of pain evolved during a randomized controlled trial for chronic pain.
Reciprocal relationship between pain and depression: a 12-month longitudinal analysis in primary care.
Comparative mortality among Department of Veterans Affairs patients prescribed methadone or long-acting morphine for chronic pain.
Correlates of depression among people with diabetes: The Translating Research Into Action for Diabetes (TRIAD) study.
Comparative responsiveness of pain outcome measures among primary care patients with musculoskeletal pain.
Prevalence of pain and association with quality of life, depression and glycaemic control in patients with diabetes.
The Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS) instrument was useful for refining a randomized trial design: experiences from an investigative team.
Musculoskeletal pain and measures of depression: response to comment on the article by Poleshuck et al.
The p4 screener: evaluation of a brief measure for assessing potential suicide risk in 2 randomized effectiveness trials of primary care and oncology patients.
Barriers and facilitators to chronic pain self-management: a qualitative study of primary care patients with comorbid musculoskeletal pain and depression.
Development and initial validation of the PEG, a three-item scale assessing pain intensity and interference.
Optimized antidepressant therapy and pain self-management in primary care patients with depression and musculoskeletal pain: a randomized controlled trial.
Self-management support and communication from nurse care managers compared with primary care physicians: a focus group study of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.
Predictors of pain outcomes in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain co-morbid with depression: results from a randomized controlled trial.
Documentation of pain care processes does not accurately reflect pain management delivered in primary care.
Central nervous system and musculoskeletal medication profile of a veteran cohort with blast-related injuries.
Association of depression and anxiety alone and in combination with chronic musculoskeletal pain in primary care patients.
American Pain Society
International Association for the Study of Pain
Midwest Pain Society
Society of General Internal Medicine