MD Education Program

Cardiovascular and Hematology (6 credits; 6 weeks)

Through the Cardiovascular and Hematology course, students gain knowledge of the physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology of the cardiovascular and hematologic systems, which enables them to describe the major diseases of these systems, including their signs and symptoms, histopathologic and clinical laboratory characteristics, and rationale for current therapeutic interventions.

Course Objectives

The following course objectives align with the IU School of Medicine MD Curriculum Competencies and Institutional Learning Objectives. This alignment enables faculty and students to understand how current student learning prepares them for the next stage in training and for their ongoing practice and maintenance of certification.

Describe hematopoiesis, explain how it is controlled, and recognize the consequences of dysfunction.

Describe the coagulation system, explain how it is controlled, and recognize how perturbations of this system leads to disease.

Define blood types, describe the common clinical laboratory assessments used for hematologic function, recognize abnormal values, and interpret significance.

Classify and differentiate hematologic malignancies, including pathophysiology, presentation, and diagnostics.

Explain the manifestations of functional and structural heart diseases and the pathophysiologic mechanisms and functional consequences of these disorders.

Explain the manifestations of major vascular diseases and the pathophysiologic mechanisms and functional consequences of these disorders.

Explain the mechanisms and consequences of myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, sudden death, and different classifications of cardiovascular collapse (shock).

Recognize the classic sentinel cardiovascular presentations, explain their pathophysiologic mechanisms, and the mechanisms that underlie the utilization of diagnostic tools for cardiovascular disease screening and diagnosis.

Apply blood-banking principles to select appropriate transfusion therapies, and recognize adverse outcomes.

Describe and categorize common therapeutic modalities for hematologic disorders and malignancies, and explain their mechanisms.

Explain the mechanisms and applications for the common therapeutic modalities utilized in the management of cardiovascular disorders.

Describe the development of psychiatric issues related to diagnosis of serious or life-long medical conditions, explain how they can adversely affect treatment and patient adherence, recognize the consequences of patient and caregiver stress and dysfunction, and demonstrate the ability to communicate the difference between healing and curing.

Given clinical questions in cardiovascular and hematology, generate and analyze a set of potential solutions by applying prior knowledge to a new experience, recognizing the limitations of prior experience and knowledge, and identifying new information required to solve the problem.

Given clinical scenarios in cardiovascular and hematology, demonstrate an awareness of the roles and responsibilities of the different members of the health care team including complex multidisciplinary care and regional care systems.

Describe the impact of culture and ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status on prevalence, prevention, diagnosis and intervention, recognize and explain how limited or absent resources can negatively impact treatment options, patient adherence, recovery, and cause consequences for the family and caregivers.

Apply the concept of high value care to diagnostic and therapeutic clinical scenarios of patients with hematologic or cardiovascular disease.