Pediatric Urology Curriculum and Research

Throughout the pediatric urology fellowship program at Indiana University School of Medicine, fellows obtain a thorough knowledge in pediatric urology. A structured curriculum is provided with weekly conferences, including regular multi-disciplinary conferences, indications conferences, complex case conferences, journal club, and morbidity and mortality conferences.

Research conferences are held monthly with all staff, and bimonthly research meetings are held to present progress on research. Fellows are expected to participate in research projects during both years of the fellowship. A dedicated list of research projects and timelines are created to ensure productivity.

Learning objectives include performing bladder reconstruction, bowel continence surgery, complex genital reconstruction, endourology procedures, neurourology and urodynamics procedures, robotic upper and lower urinary tract reconstruction, and ureteral reconstruction. Fellows also learn to care for patients experiencing conditions such as hypospadias, undescended testicles, spina bifida and more.

Fellows learn management of neurogenic bladder issues, including sacral neuromodulation, botox, catheterizable channels, bladder augmentation and bladder neck reconstruction. They also learn management of ureteral reconstruction, including intravesical ureteral reimplantation, extravesical ureteral reimplantation, uretero-ureterostomy and pyeloplasty (both open and robotic).

Fellows learn about all ranges in penile reconstruction, including circumcisions, chordee repair, penoplasty, scrotoplasty and hypospadias repair (both single and staged procedures). They also study orchiopexy management from bianchi orchiopexy, inguinal and abdominal, including one stage and Fowler-Stevens as well as testicular auto-transplantation.

Fellows gain significant experience in complex genital reconstruction and female genital restoration surgery, as Riley Hospital for Children is one of the centers of excellence for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). They also learn management of congenital urologic conditions, including bladder exstrophy, cloaca and disorders of sex development.

Fellows have the opportunity to log 50-75 robotic cases in a single year.

Fellows help care for adolescents and adults through specialized spina bifida and adult spina bifida clinics as well as travel to other hospitals to assist in their care, including with cesarean sections, reconstruction procedures and more.


The fellowship is divided into two years. The clinical year comprises the first 12 months of the fellowship. Involvement in clinical research activities is encouraged during this year.

The second year is a research year. Fellows have weekly opportunities to participate in clinical activities. During the second year, in addition to research, the fellow will spend one day a week in clinical practice. This fosters independence and more autonomy, but with attending back up immediately available. This also facilitates the transition from fellow to attending physician.


Support is provided for fellows to travel to the Pediatric Fall Congress and the annual meeting of the American Urological Association to present research findings. A pediatric urology educational fund enhances educational activities for fellows demonstrating a commitment to academic pediatric urology.

Annual Case Mix for Index CasesNumber of cases (percentile)
Endourology28 (68)
            Ureterocele incision8 (86)
            Posterior valve ablation10 (87)
Scrotal/Inguinal Surgery170 (55)
            Hernia Repair/Orchiopexy146 (58)
            Varicocelectomy5 (46)
Penile Surgery209 (93)
            Distal Hypospadias70 (93)
            Proximal Hypospadias26 (80)
            Hypospadias Complication Repair13 (49)
            Epispadias3 (70)
Bladder/Urethral Surgery165 (94)
            Ureteroneocystotomy137 (95)
            Cysto with subureteric injection15 (72)
Major Reconstructive Surgery150 (94)
            Pyeloplasty42 (91)
            Nephrectomy22 (86)
            DSD Surgery32 (92)
            Appendicovesicostomy28 (90)
            Enterocystoplasty13 (87)
            Exstrophy closure3 (71)
Urodynamics13 (72)
Total Index Cases696 (94)