Absentee Ballots are popular alternatives to voting in person on Election Day, so gather round for this ‘Absen-Tea Party’ (we love election puns) to learn more!
Laws on absentee ballots differ across states, but generally there are two steps to voting by mail (one form of absentee voting):
Submit an application requesting an absentee ballot
Then submitting your absentee ballot
Individuals from outside of Indiana should visit the U.S. Vote Foundation’s website to query your state’s deadlines as dates and times vary. Note: States other than Indiana sometimes require that absentee ballots are notarized.
Indiana requires a reason for individuals to vote absentee by mail, so please see the bottom section to make sure you qualify.
Indiana Deadline for Absentee Vote By Mail:
Submit an application requesting an absentee ballot - must be received by your county election board by October 22 at 11:59pm.
Submit your absentee ballot – 12:00pm (noon) on Election Day (Nov 3rd) to your county election board.
Please note: Applications and ballots postmarked by their respective deadlines but received by the Election Board after the deadline date cannot be processed.
Also, due to delays in the U.S. Postal Service, there is anticipated delay of mail that may affect absentee ballots. We strongly recommend that you submit paperwork as soon as possible!
A voter applying for an absentee-by-mail ballot does not need to present proof of identification. However, a first-time voter in Indiana who registered to vote by mail and did not provide proof of residency will be asked to include that evidence with their absentee balloting materials. This can be a state-issued ID where the address matches their registration, but can also be a bank statement, utility bill, etc.
Qualifications to be able to Vote Absentee in Indiana
You have a specific, reasonable expectation that you will be absent from the county on Election Day during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open (6 am until 6 pm).
Example: Students on clinical rotations may be busy this entire time frame, especially if they are in a hospital outside their home county. Phase 1 students who live outside of Marion County but will be on campus all day are included in this.
You have a disability.
You are at least 65 years of age.
You will have official election duties outside of your voting precinct.
You are scheduled to work at your regular place of employment during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
You will be confined due to illness or injury or you will be caring for an individual confined due to illness or injury during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
You are prevented from voting because of a religious discipline or religious holiday during the entire 12 hours that the polls are open.
You are a participant in the state's address confidentiality program.
You are a member of the military or a public safety officer.
You are a "serious sex offender" as defined in Indiana Code 35-42-4-14(a).
You are prevented from voting due to the unavailability of transportation to the polls.
The IU School of Medicine Voter Guide has answers to all the elections questions you may have. Want to ask someone directly? IUPUI has an Instagram ‘voter hotline’ that any IUSM learner can use. Visit them at @iupuijagsvote. You can also call your county election board.
The views expressed in this content represent the perspective and opinions of the author and may or may not represent the position of Indiana University School of Medicine.
Niki Messmore is the Program Director of Community & Civic Engagement. She has a bachelor's in political science and a master’s in higher education & student affairs. She holds years of diverse experiences in advocacy work, community organizing, and political campaigns.